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Spanish Grammar Lessons

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Kwiziq Spanish covers every conceivable grammar topic and rule across the Spanish language! This section contains some of the most popular lessons in our system.

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Popular lessons

A0: Idioms, Idiomatic Usage, and Structures

Use Soy de [city/country] to say where are you from   

Using me llamo [name] - to say your name   

Tener [número] años = To be [number] years old   

A0: Nouns & Articles

Using el or la to say the (singular definite articles)   

Using los or las to say the (plural definite articles)   

Using un, una to say a/an (singular indefinite articles)   

A0: Prepositions & Conjunctions

Using vivo en + [city/country/region] to say where you live   

A0: Idioms, Idiomatic Usage, and Structures

Using hay = there is / there are   

A1: Adjectives & Adverbs

Forming the plural of adjectives ending in l, r, n, z and s   

A1: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate regular -ar verbs in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate regular -er verbs in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate regular -ir verbs like vivir in El Presente (present tense)   

A1: Adjectives & Adverbs

Using muy versus mucho (intensifiers)   

A1: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate preferir in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate ser in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate estar in El Presente (present tense)   

A1: Idioms, Idiomatic Usage, and Structures

Using estar (not ser) when talking about locations   

A1: Adjectives & Adverbs

Using este, esta, estos, estas to say this/these (demonstrative adjectives)   

A1: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate ir in El Presente (present tense)   

A1: Nouns & Articles

Contracted masculine singular articles: al and del   

A1: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate ir + a + infinitive = to be going to (near future)   

Conjugate venir in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate salir in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate hacer in El Presente   

A1: Idioms, Idiomatic Usage, and Structures

Using hace to talk about the weather   

A1: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate tener in El Presente (present tense)   

A1: Idioms, Idiomatic Usage, and Structures

Expressing obligation with tener que   

A1: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate querer in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate poder in El Presente (present tense)   

A1: Idioms, Idiomatic Usage, and Structures

Using deber, poder, querer + infinitive to express must, can, to want to   

A1: Adjectives & Adverbs

Forming regular adverbs ending in -mente   

A1: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate soler in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate reflexive verbs in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate poner in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate traer in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate dar in El Presente (present tense)   

A1: Questions & Interrogatives

Forming questions with qué = what   

A1: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate ver in El Presente   

Conjugate oír in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate oler in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate sentir in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate entender in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate leer in El Presente ( present tense)   

A1: Negative Words & Constructions

Forming negative sentences using no (negation)   

A1: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate decir and its derivatives in El Presente (present tense) : predecir, bendecir, maldecir   

Conjugate semi-regular pensar in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate saber in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate stem-changing (e > ie) semi-regular -ar verbs in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate semi-regular stem-changing (e > ie) -er verbs in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate semi regular (e > i) verb pedir in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate stem-changing (e > i) verbs: corregir and elegir in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate stem-changing (e > i) verbs: seguir, conseguir, perseguir in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate stem-changing -ar verbs (o > ue) in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate stem-changing -er verbs (o > ue) in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate -ir stem-changing verbs (o > ue) in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate traducir and conducir in El Presente (present tense)   

Forming El Presente Progresivo with estar + gerund (present progressive)   

Conjugate haber in El Presente (present tense)   

A1: Adjectives & Adverbs

Using cada + noun for each (quantitative adjectives)   

A1: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate stem-changing (e > ie) semi-regular -ir verbs in El Presente (present tense)   

A1: Adjectives & Adverbs

Forming the plural of masculine and feminine adjectives ending in -e and -a   

Forming the singular feminine of adjectives ending -e and -a    

Using cada and todos/-as for "every" in time phrases (quantitative adjectives)   

Forming regular plural masculine and feminine adjectives   

Forming the singular masculine and feminine of regular adjectives   

How to say my, your, his, her, its and their (masculine/feminine singular and plural)   

Using ese, esa, esos, esas to say that/those (demonstrative adjectives)   

Using más/menos for more/less/fewer as adjectives, pronouns and adverbs   

A1: Idioms, Idiomatic Usage, and Structures

Using ser (not estar) to describe relationships   

Using ser (not estar) to say when / where something takes place   

Using hay, está, or an impersonal verb to talk about the weather   

Using ser (not estar) to express an essential or permanent characteristic   

Using gustar to say you like something   

Using A + la/las + [time] to express at what time something takes place   

Using ser (not estar) to talk about time, days, dates and seasons   

Using ser (not estar) to introduce people   

A1: Nouns & Articles

Forming regular masculine and feminine nouns (singular and plural)   

Using unos, unas + plural nouns to say some/ a few (plural indefinite articles)   

Forming the plural of nouns ending in a consonant (except -z)   

Gender and plural formation of nouns ending in -e   

A1: Prepositions & Conjunctions

Using por (and not para) to express a part of the day   

Using para (and not por) for purpose, goal or objective   

A1: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate stem-changing e > i verbs: competir, reir, servir in El Presente (present tense)   

Forming regular gerunds (-ing form)    

A2: Adjectives & Adverbs

Using tan ... como = as ... as (comparatives with adjectives and adverbs)   

A2: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate recordar, acordar and acordarse o > ue stem changing -ar verbs in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate huir and construir in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate regular -ar verbs in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Conjugate regular -er and -ir verbs in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

A2: Idioms, Idiomatic Usage, and Structures

Using hubo = there was / there were (simple past)   

A2: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate and recognise ir and ser in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Conjugate estar in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Conjugate hacer in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Conjugate irregular -er verbs in El Pretérito Indefinido: leer, creer and proveer (simple past)   

A2: Pronouns

Using lo, la, los, las = him, her, it, them (direct object pronouns)   

A2: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate dar in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

A2: Pronouns

Using le and les = [to] it,him, her, them (indirect object pronouns)    

A2: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate ver in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Conjugate andar in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Conjugate tener in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Conjugate poder in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Conjugate irregular -er verbs in El Pretérito Indefinido: caber, saber (simple past)   

Conjugate irregular poner and its derivatives in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Conjugate irregular -ir verbs stem changing (e > i) in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

A2: Adjectives & Adverbs

Using demasiado, bastante, poco, mucho to express quantity (quantitative adjectives)   

A2: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate venir in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Conjugate querer in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Conjugate irregular decir and its derivatives in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Conjugate irregular verb oír in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Conjugate irregular verbs dormir and morir in Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Conjugate irregular verbs ending in -uir in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Conjugate traer in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Conjugate irregular verbs ending in -gar in el Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Conjugate irregular verbs ending in -zar in el Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Conjugate irregular verbs ending in -car in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Using El Pretérito Imperfecto to express habits or repeated actions in the past (imperfect tense)   

Conjugate regular -ar verbs in El Pretérito Imperfecto (imperfect)   

Conjugate regular -er and -ir verbs in El Pretérito Imperfecto (imperfect)   

A2: Idioms, Idiomatic Usage, and Structures

Using había to say there was / there were   

A2: Adjectives & Adverbs

Using [verb] tanto como / tanto [noun] como = as much/many ... as (comparatives)   

A2: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate ser in El Pretérito Imperfecto (imperfect tense)   

Conjugate ver in El Pretérito Imperfecto (imperfect tense)   

Conjugate irregular ir in El Pretérito Imperfecto (imperfect past)   

A2: Idioms, Idiomatic Usage, and Structures

Expressing instructions and general statements with the impersonal se = one   

A2: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate regular -ar verbs in El Imperativo (affirmative commands)   

Conjugate regular -er and -ir verbs in El Imperativo (affirmative commands)   

Conjugate ser in El Imperativo (imperative)   

Conjugate tener in El Imperativo (imperative)    

Conjugate poner in El Imperativo    

Conjugate irregular verb hacer in El Imperativo (imperative)   

Conjugate venir in El Imperativo (imperative)   

Conjugate decir in El Imperativo (imperative)   

Conjugate salir in El Imperativo (imperative)   

Conjugate regular -ar verbs in El Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto (present perfect)   

Conjugate regular -er, -ir verbs in El Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto (present perfect)   

A2: Idioms, Idiomatic Usage, and Structures

When to use El Pretérito Perfecto or El Pretérito Indefinido (present perfect or simple past)   

Using todavía no with El Pretérito Perfecto = not yet (negative expression)   

Using desde (hace) with El Presente instead of El Pretérito Perfecto to express since/for   

A2: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate ver in El Pretérito Perfecto (present perfect)   

Forming El Imperfecto Progresivo with estar + gerund (imperfect progressive)   

Conjugate regular verb estar in El Pretérito Imperfecto (imperfect tense)   

A2: Adjectives & Adverbs

Using algún (a, as, os) to say some or any   

Using otro, otra, otros, otras to say another, other (indefinite adjectives)   

Use [verb] más [adjective/noun] que / menos [adjective/noun] que = more...than / less... than (comparatives)   

Using todo, toda, todos and todas to say all, every and the whole (indefinite adjectives)   

Forming comparative adjectives mayor/menor/mejor/peor   

Forming the plural of masculine and feminine adjectives ending in -án, ón, -or   

Using the negative ningún (a, os, as) = any   

Forming the plural of masculine and feminine adjectives ending in -z and -l   

Forming the singular of masculine and feminine adjectives ending in -z and -l   

Using aquel, aquella, aquellos, aquellas to say that/those [over there] (demonstrative adjectives)   

Using demasiado, bastante, un poco, and muy for too, quite, a bit, and very (quantitative adverbs)   

Using demonstrative adjectives   

Ningún, ninguna + noun + verb = No [noun] + verb (negation)   

A2: Idioms, Idiomatic Usage, and Structures

Using estar (not ser) when talking about feelings and emotions    

Using estar (and not ser) to express relationship statuses   

Acabar de + [infinitive] = to have just done / just did something   

How to form exclamatory sentences with qué [noun] and qué [adjective]   

Using estar (not ser) when talking about physical condition of something   

Using es bueno/malo or está bien/mal   

Using ser (not estar) with the preposition para, to indicate a purpose   

Using ser+preposition para (not estar) to indicate a recipient   

Expressing obligation with hay que   

A2: Negative Words & Constructions

Forming negative sentences using no (negation) with complex verbal structures   

A2: Nouns & Articles

Gender of nouns ending in -umbre, -ión, -dad, -tad, -tis and -sis and their plural   

Nouns ending in -or are masculine   

Using the diminutive suffix -ito, -ita, -itos and -itas with words ending in -o/-a/-io/-ia   

Using plural definite article + number + noun   

A2: Prepositions & Conjunctions

Using preposition con followed by a pronoun to say with me, you, him, her, us, you (plural), them   

Using por (not para) to express "through" (a place)   

Using por (not para) to express the originating cause or reason   

Using para (not por) to express opinion   

Using prepositions a, para, por, de, en, sin, hacia followed by a pronoun   

Using para (not por) for deadline/time limit   

Using para (not por) for destination   

Using por (not para) to express approximate location   

Using antes de /después de [noun/infinitive] for before/after [something/doing something]   

A2: Pronouns

Using alguien to say someone or anyone   

Using ese, esa, esos, esas, eso for that one, those ones and that (demonstrative pronouns)   

Using numbers as pronouns   

How to say mine, yours, his, hers, its and theirs (masculine/feminine singular and plural)   

Using algo to say something or anything   

Using aquel, aquella, aquellos, aquellas for that one (over there), those ones (over there) and that (over there) (demonstrative pronouns)   

Using the negative ninguno, ninguna, ningunos and ningunas to say any   

Using nadie to say no one, nobody and anyone   

Using otro, otra, otros, otras to say another/another one, other, others (indefinite pronouns)   

Using nada to say nothing or anything   

Using esto, este, esta, estos, estas to say "this", "this one" and "these ones" (demonstrative pronouns)   

Using todo to say everything or all (of it) (indefinite pronoun)   

A2: Questions & Interrogatives

Difference between porque and por qué (because and why)   

Using cómo, dónde and cuándo in interrogative, exclamatory and indirect sentences    

A2: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Using El Preterito Indefinido for completed actions in the past   

Regular verb tener in El Pretérito Imperfecto   

Using El Preterito Imperfecto to describe a situation in the past   

Conjugate decir in El Pretérito Perfecto (present perfect)   

Conjugate -cir verbs in El Pretérito Indefinido   

Conjugate soler in El Pretérito Imperfecto   

Conjugate poner and its derivatives in El Pretérito Perfecto (present perfect)   

Forming the imperative of vosotros for all verbs (affirmative commands)    

Forming irregular gerunds (-ing form)    

Conjugate caber in El Presente (present tense)   

Conjugate semi-regular verb pedir in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)   

Conjugate hacer in El Pretérito Perfecto (present perfect)   

Using ya with El Preterito Perfecto   

Spanish present tense consonant change c > zc in -cer/-cir verbs   

Regular verb hacer in El Pretérito Imperfecto   

B1: Questions & Interrogatives

Asking questions about people with preposition + quién   

B1: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate regular -ar, -er, and -ir verbs in El Pluscuamperfecto de Indicativo (pluperfect)   

Conjugate hacer, escribir, ver, decir, poner in El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto (pluperfect)   

B1: Pronouns

Que/ el cual/ la cual/ los cuales/ quien/ quienes = who, that, which (relative pronouns)   

Pronouns le / les become se when used with lo, la, los, las (indirect with direct pronouns)   

B1: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Using double pronouns with El Imperativo   

Conjugate in El Imperativo with reflexive pronouns (affirmative commands)   

B1: Adjectives & Adverbs

How to say the most / the least + adjective (superlatives)   

B1: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Using El Futuro Simple (simple future) to express probabilities or predictions in the future   

Conjugate regular -ar, -er and -ir verbs in El Futuro Simple (simple future)   

Using El Futuro Simple (simple future) to express probabilities or predictions in the present   

Conjugate tener in El Futuro Simple (simple future)   

Conjugate irregular verb poder in El Futuro Simple (simple future)   

Conjugate irregular verb querer in El Futuro Simple (simple future)   

Conjugate irregular verb poner in El Futuro Simple (simple future)   

Conjugate irregular verb hacer in El Futuro Simple (simple future)   

Conjugate irregular verbs caber and saber in El Futuro Simple (simple future)   

Conjugate valer in El Futuro Simple (simple future)   

Conjugate irregular verb haber in El Futuro Simple (simple future)   

B1: Adjectives & Adverbs

bueno, malo, grande become buen, mal, gran before a noun (apócope)   

B1: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate irregular verb decir in El Futuro Simple (simple future)   

Conjugate irregular verb salir in El Futuro Simple (simple future)   

Conjugate irregular verb venir in El Futuro Simple (simple future)   

B1: Pronouns

Using lo que = what, which, that which, the thing that (relative pronouns)   

B1: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate regular verbs in El Condicional Simple (conditional)   

Conjugate hacer in El Condicional Simple (conditional)   

Conjugate tener in El Condicional Simple (conditional)   

Conjugate poder in El Condicional Simple (conditional)   

Conjugate querer in El Condicional Simple (conditional)   

Conjugate poner in El Condicional Simple   

Conjugate valer in El Condicional Simple (conditional)   

Conjugate haber in El Condicional Simple (conditional)   

Conjugate decir in El Condicional Simple   

Conjugate salir in El Condicional Simple    

Conjugate venir in El Condicional Simple (conditional)   

Conjugate regular -ar verbs in El Presente Subjuntivo (present subjunctive)   

Conjugate regular -er and -ir verbs in El Presente Subjuntivo (present subjunctive)   

Using El Subjuntivo or El Indicativo after tal vez and quizás to express doubt   

Conjugate ser in El Presente Subjuntivo (present subjunctive)   

B1: Idioms, Idiomatic Usage, and Structures

Using ojalá + El Presente de Subjuntivo to express hope (subjunctive present)   

B1: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate irregular estar in El Presente de Subjuntivo (present subjunctive)   

Cuando + Presente de Subjuntivo to express future intentions (present subjunctive)   

Conjugate irregular verb ir in El Presente de Subjuntivo.   

Forming simple negative commands : No + El Presente de Subjuntivo (present subjunctive)   

Querer que is always followed by El Subjuntivo (present subjunctive)   

Conjugate irregular verb saber in El Presente de Subjuntivo   

Conjugate haber in El Presente Subjuntivo (present subjunctive)   

Conjugate stem-changing -car verbs (c > qu) in El Presente de Subjuntivo (present subjunctive)   

Conjugate -gar verbs where g > gu in all forms in El Presente de Subjuntivo (present subjunctive)   

Verbs ending in -zar change z > c in all forms in El Presente de Subjuntivo (present subjunctive)   

B1: Pronouns

Position of direct and indirect object pronouns with infinitive/gerund and affirmative commands   

B1: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate 1st and 2nd person plural verbs with vowel change o > u in El Presente de Subjuntivo   

Conjugate -ger and -gir verbs with g > j change in El Presente de Subjuntivo (present subjunctive)   

B1: Negative Words & Constructions

Using nunca in negative sentences   

B1: Adjectives & Adverbs

Forming singular and plural of adjectives ending in -ar   

Using the suffixes -ísimo, -ísima, -ísimos, -ísimas to say to say extremely/very   

Primero and tercero become primer and tercer before a noun (apócope)   

B1: Idioms, Idiomatic Usage, and Structures

Using estar hecho de or ser de to indicate what something is made of   

Using Estar a punto de + [infinitive] = to be about to do something   

Using estar (not ser) + preposition a with fluctuating quantities and prices   

Si [if] followed by present indicative + main clause (present tense/future tense)   

Using estar (not ser) + de for a temporary job   

Using esperar que + El Presente Subjuntivo to express hope   

Forming passive sentences with se   

Using ser (not estar) + de to indicate ownership   

Using volver a + [infinitive] to express repetition of an action   

B1: Nouns & Articles

Using the diminutive suffix -cito, -cita, -citos and -citas with words ending in -e, -n, and -r   

Gender of nouns ending in -ista and -crata   

Nouns ending in -aje are masculine   

B1: Prepositions & Conjunctions

Using por (not para) to express medium   

Difference between Sí and Si (with or without accent)   

Using por (and not para) to talk about speed   

Using por (and not para) to express distribution or sharing   

Difference between que and qué (with and without an accent)   

Using por (and not para) to communicate price   

Using por (and not para) in exchange of something   

B1: Pronouns

Reciprocal verbs in Spanish and position of the reflexive pronoun   

Position of pronouns with conjugated verbs    

B1: Questions & Interrogatives

Difference between como and cómo (with and without an accent)   

B1: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Some -zar verbs change z > c and e > ie in El Presente de Subjuntivo (present subjunctive)   

Conjugate yo-go verbs in El Presente de Subjuntivo   

Conjugate stem changing -ar verbs (e > ie) in El Presente Subjuntivo (present subjunctive)   

Using the gerund to say by [doing something]   

Conjugate poder [o > ue change] in El Presente de Subjuntivo (present subjunctive)   

Conjugate irregular -er verbs caber and saber in El Condicional Simple (conditional)   

Forming El Pretérito Indefinido progresivo with estar + gerundio (past progressive)   

Using deber to say should   

B2: Adjectives & Adverbs

Using cualquier/a to express any (indirect adjectives)   

B2: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate regular verbs in El Futuro Perfecto (future perfect)   

Conjugate irregular verbs in El Futuro Perfecto   

B2: Pronouns

Using [preposition] + lo que = with, for, on + what (relative pronouns)   

B2: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate regular verbs in El Condicional Perfecto   

Conjugate irregular verbs in El Condicional Perfecto   

Using adverbial clauses para que, antes (de) que, hasta que, con tal (de) que, etc. + El Presente de Subjuntivo (present subjunctive)   

Conjugate verbs in El Imperfecto de Subjuntivo   

B2: Idioms, Idiomatic Usage, and Structures

Using El Imperfecto Subjuntivo in hypothetical clauses introduced by si followed by El Condicional Simple   

B2: Pronouns

Using preposition [except a and de] + el que, la que, los que, las que = with/for/on which (relative pronouns)   

B2: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Conjugate regular -ar, -er and -ir verbs in El Pretérito Perfecto Subjuntivo (present perfect subjunctive)   

Conjugate verbs in El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo (pluperfect subjunctive)   

B2: Idioms, Idiomatic Usage, and Structures

Using gustar to express personal attraction   

Using [verb] + tan + [adjective/adverb] + que to say "so... that..."   

B2: Prepositions & Conjunctions

Using por (not para) to express "on behalf of"   

Using para (not por) to express unequal relations/surprising facts   

B2: Verbs Tenses & Conjugation

Forming the passive voice with ser + participle (+ por)   

Using the imperfect subjunctive after the conjunction como si   

Conjugate tener in El Imperfecto de Subjuntivo   

Conjugate estar in El Imperfecto de Subjuntivo   

B2: Idioms, Idiomatic Usage, and Structures

Using verbs seguir/continuar + gerund = to keep on [doing something]   

Using preposition a + infinitive to express a command   

El Imperfecto progresivo vs El Indefinido progresivo (was +ing)   

Using que to express cause   

Using the subjunctive with negative opinion phrases   

Using que to introduce a warning or threat   

Using the subjunctive to express doubt or uncertainty   

Using the subjunctive with impersonal expressions   

C1: Adjectives & Adverbs

Using dicho, dicha, dichos, dichas to say this/these (formal)   

C1: Idioms, Idiomatic Usage, and Structures

Using ir + [gerund] to emphasise the progression of an action   

C1: Nouns & Articles

Using infinitives as nouns with the definite article El   

C1: Pronouns

Using el que, la que, los que, las que = the one/ones who/that (relative pronouns)   

Using cuyo, cuya, cuyos, cuyas to say whose + noun (relative pronoun)   

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