When we introduce a sentence with an opinion phrase, for example: creo que, opino que, me parece que... in an affirmative way, they are followed by indicative tenses:
Yo creo que Marta tiene celos.
I think Marta is jealous.
A mi me parece que la fruta es muy cara en esta tienda.
I think the fruit is very expensive in this shop.
However, if we make the sentences above negative we use the subjunctive and not the indicative:
Here are some more common opinion phrases where this rule applies:
- Opino que... My opinion is.../ I think that...
- Pienso que... I think that...
- Considero que... I consider that...
- Sospecho que... I suspect that...
Have a look and listen to these examples:
Notice that when the opinion phrase is in the present tense, the sentence after "que" can be expressed in any subjunctive tense. We can express an opinion about something happening in the present, past or future:
- No creo que Susana venga hoy. (I don't think Susana will come today.)
- No creo que Susana vaya a venir hoy. (I don't think Susana is going to come today.)
- No creo que Susana haya venido hoy. (I don't think Susana came today.)
- No creo que Susana viniera hoy. (I don't think Susana came today.)
- No creo que Susana hubiera venido hoy. (I don't think Susana would have come today.)
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