Using antes de /después de [noun/infinitive] for before/after [something/doing something]

To express in Spanish before or after [something/doing something] we use the prepositional phrases: antes de and después de.

Antes de + noun

Voy a ducharme antes de la cena.
I am going to have a shower before dinner.

Después de + noun

Después de la fiesta llamamos a un taxi.
After the party we will call a taxi.

Notice in the examples above how after the preposition de the noun is preceded by its article

antes de la cena

después de la fiesta

Contraction del

Remember that if the noun is masculine you will find the contraction del:

Antes del partido bebimos demasiadas cervezas.
Before the match we drank too many beers.

Antes de + infinitive

Fui a su casa antes de ir al gimnasio.
I went to her house before going to the gym.

Después de + infinitive

Después de cocinar quiero ver la televisión.
After cooking I want to watch TV.

Notice that in Spanish the verb after the preposition de comes in the infinitive form (-ar/-er/ir form) whilst in English it is a gerund (-ing form)

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Después de cocinar quiero ver la televisión.
After cooking I want to watch TV.


Fui a su casa antes de ir al gimnasio.
I went to her house before going to the gym.


Después de la fiesta llamamos a un taxi.
After the party we will call a taxi.


Voy a ducharme antes de la cena.
I am going to have a shower before dinner.


Antes del partido bebimos demasiadas cervezas.
Before the match we drank too many beers.


Q&A Forum 2 questions, 3 answers

SteveA1Kwiziq community member

Past tense also?

Could the same sentence be used to refer to the past?

For example:  Anoche fuimos a una fiesta. Después de la fiesta llamamos a un taxi.

Thanks

Asked 3 weeks ago
InmaKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hola Steve,

Yes, in that case it is referring to a past action. There is enough context to know that, as it is saying that the party happened last night with the previous sentence.

In our sentence in this lesson, which is:

Después de la fiesta llamamos a un taxi.

After the party we will call a taxi.

because "llamamos" could be either the present tense (with a future meaning in this case) or the preterite, as they coincide in their form, it could be referring to a past action or a future action. In the lesson we are taking it as a future action. 

Saludos

Inma

Past tense also?

Could the same sentence be used to refer to the past?

For example:  Anoche fuimos a una fiesta. Después de la fiesta llamamos a un taxi.

Thanks

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NicoleB1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Present tense used

Hi,

I was wondering why the "present" tense is used in Spanish for "llamar" which is then translated in the future tense.  Why not llamaremos?

Después de la fiesta llamamos a un taxi.
After the party we will call a taxi.

Thank you. 

Asked 1 month ago
InmaKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hola Nicole

This is because we sometimes use the present tense to refer to a future action. 

Here is a lesson that explains this. Have a look.

Inma

NicoleB1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Muchas gracias Inma.

Nicole

Present tense used

Hi,

I was wondering why the "present" tense is used in Spanish for "llamar" which is then translated in the future tense.  Why not llamaremos?

Después de la fiesta llamamos a un taxi.
After the party we will call a taxi.

Thank you. 

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