Take the fastest path to fluent Spanish
Estar for physical condition/result
One of the uses of estar (not ser) is to talk about the physical condition of something, someone or a place. This specific use of estar is used for non-permanent conditions; it's seen as a result. Have a look and listen to these examples:
¡Vaya! Mis gafas están rotas.Oops! My glasses are broken.
Sus pantalones estaban sucios.His trousers were dirty.
¡Qué sorpresa! La habitación de mi hija está ordenada.What a surprise! My daughter's room is tidy.
Marina, estás muy guapa hoy.Marina, you look very pretty today.
Remember, this specific use of estar is used for non-permanent conditions. For permanent physical descriptions see Ser vs Estar in Spanish: Using ser in Spanish (not estar) to express an essential or permanent characteristic
Want to make sure your Spanish sounds confident?
We’ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your
gaps and mistakes. Start your Brainmap today »