Conjugate ver in El Pretérito Perfecto (present perfect)

El Pretérito Perfecto is used to express something has happened or happened. 

The verb ver (to see) and its derivatives* are irregular in El Pretérito Perfecto:

yo he  
has  
él ha   + visto 
nosotros  hemos   
vosotros habéis  
ellos   han  

You can see it is simply haber conjugated in El Presente plus visto (the past participle of ver).

Here are some examples to listen to:

Yo he visto a tu madre esta mañana.I saw your mother this morning.

has visto la película esta semana.You saw the movie this week.

Él ha visto los informes del mes.He saw the monthly reports.

Nosotros hemos visto a tus padres.We saw your parents.

Vosotros no habéis visto todavía Wonder Woman.You haven't seen Wonder Woman yet.

Ellos han visto el amanecer.They saw the sunrise.

*Other verbs derived from ver follow the same pattern:

entrever (to catch a glimpse) -> entrevisto
prever (to foresee) -> previsto

Nosotros hemos entrevisto la costa desde el barco.We caught a glimpse of the coast from the ship.

Yo he previsto eso.I saw that coming.

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Nosotros hemos visto a tus padres.We saw your parents.
Vosotros no habéis visto todavía Wonder Woman.You haven't seen Wonder Woman yet.
Él ha visto los informes del mes.He saw the monthly reports.
Nosotros hemos entrevisto la costa desde el barco.We caught a glimpse of the coast from the ship.
has visto la película esta semana.You saw the movie this week.
Yo he previsto eso.I saw that coming.
Yo he visto a tu madre esta mañana.I saw your mother this morning.
Ellos han visto el amanecer.They saw the sunrise.

Q&A Forum 6 questions, 8 answers

GrahamB2Kwiziq community member

A comment on this subject after spending an hour researching it

The instructions in the link say:


The choice of tense depends on whether the speaker is "still inside" the "unit of time" that's being used or implied:

Use the present perfect ("he ido") form when talking about the past:

- today, this week, this month, or this year

Use the indefinido ("fui") form when talking about the past:

- yesterday, last week, last month, or last year (or further back)


But then an example on the lesson page has this:

Ellos han visto el amanecer.

They saw the sunrise.


In this sentence, as with many of the quizzes, there is no way to know the context and so we have to follow the instructions as to which tense to use. Part of the fun of the quizzes is not reading the directions.


I think this is the root of the frustration here. Perhaps if more context were provided we could have a chance of answering without the addition direction needed.

Asked 1 month ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Graham

The truth is in Spanish we don't always use a time phrase on each sentence. That time phrase could be in a previous sentence linked to the next one, or somehow understood by the speakers. When I say for example something like this: 

"Mi hermano ha tenido muchas aventuras." 

You can see there is no time phrase here. This is a past tense that we sometimes use to express something that someone has done with no reference to a specific time, it could be referring to general experiences in life, or could simply be referring to something that has just happened (without any time phrase)

The lesson you mentioned is a lesson expressing the contrast between the two tenses "indefinido" and "perfecto", and it is necessary to say there when to use one or the other with different time markers. 

In terms of following the hints, I am afraid it is always necessary, especially with questions that test conjugation because the English doesn't always coincide literally with the Spanish and the student needs to know what that question is testing for: "Conjugate ...verb in [tense ..]". 

It would be ideal to add a bit more context but unfortunately there is a limit in space for questions...

However we will take that into consideration in the future.

Gracias y un saludo.

Inma

A comment on this subject after spending an hour researching it

The instructions in the link say:


The choice of tense depends on whether the speaker is "still inside" the "unit of time" that's being used or implied:

Use the present perfect ("he ido") form when talking about the past:

- today, this week, this month, or this year

Use the indefinido ("fui") form when talking about the past:

- yesterday, last week, last month, or last year (or further back)


But then an example on the lesson page has this:

Ellos han visto el amanecer.

They saw the sunrise.


In this sentence, as with many of the quizzes, there is no way to know the context and so we have to follow the instructions as to which tense to use. Part of the fun of the quizzes is not reading the directions.


I think this is the root of the frustration here. Perhaps if more context were provided we could have a chance of answering without the addition direction needed.

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SandraB1Kwiziq community member

using pret perfecto when english uses past simple

hi the Link to the wider lesson on this isnt working. When will it be available?

Im currently working on the idea that (in Spain) spaniards use the present perfect (when English would use the simple past) when there is a sense that the verb happened in the recent past, or otherwise related to the present in some way. e.g  you SAW the film THIS week, we SAW your parents (maybe THIS morning), or they SAW the sunrise (last night).

is this right? 

Asked 1 year ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Sandra,

This is a link that should take you to the lesson explaining the main differences between the preterite and the perfect tenses. I am sorry to hear you are experiencing some problems with links. We will try to sort it asap.

https://spanish.kwiziq.com/revision/grammar/when-to-use-the-perfect-versus-the-simple-past-tense-in-spanish-perfecto-vs-indefinido

 

using pret perfecto when english uses past simple

hi the Link to the wider lesson on this isnt working. When will it be available?

Im currently working on the idea that (in Spain) spaniards use the present perfect (when English would use the simple past) when there is a sense that the verb happened in the recent past, or otherwise related to the present in some way. e.g  you SAW the film THIS week, we SAW your parents (maybe THIS morning), or they SAW the sunrise (last night).

is this right? 

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DougC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Preterito indefinido vs perfecto

Hi, I've been confused about the same thing and found the previous questions helpful..Would really like to read the link cited but system says it's not available. (Seem to be getting that reponse frequently). How can I find it? The link is:  When to use El Pretérito Perfecto or El Pretérito Indefinido (present perfect or simple past)
Asked 1 year ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Doug

Try now with this link. It should take you to a lesson comparing the use of the preterite vs the use of the present perfect [competency id= "6984"]

Inma

Preterito indefinido vs perfecto

Hi, I've been confused about the same thing and found the previous questions helpful..Would really like to read the link cited but system says it's not available. (Seem to be getting that reponse frequently). How can I find it? The link is:  When to use El Pretérito Perfecto or El Pretérito Indefinido (present perfect or simple past)

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KB1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

There are several things that are confusing about this lesson - the terms and meanings. You use both pretérito perfecto (once)

and pretérito perfecto compuesto (twice) in the same lesson for the same verb form. Is it possible to use just one. 

Also, in my experience, ha invitado has usually been translated as has invited rather than invited/ ha visto as has seen rather than saw.   So, I would then translate había visto as had seen. This is very confusing.  Help. K

Asked 1 year ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hi K,

Inside the lesson the term used for this tense is El Pretérito Perfecto. It is when you click on the link for a wider explanation of this tense where you find the other terms. The reason why we use all possible terms is because there are students who have been taught this is the Pretérito Perfecto, others that learn it as the Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto, and in Latin América they usually learn it as the Antepresente. We decided to use in the lessons the term that we think is more widely used, but give the other terms alongside to clarify.

In reference to your other question, this tense in Spanish generally translates  into the simple past in English (I did, I went, I saw..). That's why you will often see phrases like "He visto" translated into "I saw" and not "I have seen". But in lessons that test conjugation you will always find what tense to conjugate in the hint, to clarify.

Sorry it is a bit confusing.

I hope this explanation helps a bit.

Inma

There are several things that are confusing about this lesson - the terms and meanings. You use both pretérito perfecto (once)

and pretérito perfecto compuesto (twice) in the same lesson for the same verb form. Is it possible to use just one. 

Also, in my experience, ha invitado has usually been translated as has invited rather than invited/ ha visto as has seen rather than saw.   So, I would then translate había visto as had seen. This is very confusing.  Help. K

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DavidA1Kwiziq community member

When I translate this with other programs and ask native speakers, this is completely incorrect.

My research tells me that he visto means I have seen, NOT I saw.  Maybe this is correct in some countries, but I haven't found any native speaker in the U.S.A. who translates these simple past sentences (i.e. I saw, they saw) with the use of haber.  They are simply vi, viste, vio, vimos, and vieron.
Asked 1 year ago
GruffKwiziq team member

Hi David - currently, Kwiziq focuses on European Spanish though we hope to be able to include the various American dialects too. For the most part, the differences are quite minor (comparable to British English versus American English) but the use of the present perfect and preterite is one area where there is an important difference.

I'll get one of our linguists to answer in more detail, but I know that the preterite tends to be used in Latin American Spanish where we would use the present perfect over here in Europe.

However, this lesson is really about conjugation, not usage, and the hint in testquestions will remind you which tense to conjugate so don't have to worry too much about the English.

Hope that helps!

GruffKwiziq team member

FYI this lesson explains how the two tenses are used in European Spanish (there's a note explaining that the rules are different for the American Spanishes):

https://spanish.kwiziq.com/revision/grammar/when-to-use-el-preterito-perfecto-or-el-preterito-indefinido 

 

When I translate this with other programs and ask native speakers, this is completely incorrect.

My research tells me that he visto means I have seen, NOT I saw.  Maybe this is correct in some countries, but I haven't found any native speaker in the U.S.A. who translates these simple past sentences (i.e. I saw, they saw) with the use of haber.  They are simply vi, viste, vio, vimos, and vieron.

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AlanB1Kwiziq community member

Does this use of the Present Perfect only occur with ver and it's derivatives?

Asked 2 years ago
AlanB1Kwiziq community member
I meant El Pretérito Perfecto not Present Perfect.
FridaA2Kwiziq community member

The many  complaints about this topic, the link (was wrong) one year after, and  still not working! In order to pass to the next question , the only option I had was to give a wrong answer. 

Does this use of the Present Perfect only occur with ver and it's derivatives?

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