Conjugate ver in El Pretérito Perfecto (present perfect)

El Pretérito Perfecto is used to express something has happened or happened. 

The verb ver (to see) and its derivatives* are irregular in El Pretérito Perfecto:

yo he  
has  
él ha   + visto 
nosotros  hemos   
vosotros habéis  
ellos   han  

You can see it is simply haber conjugated in El Presente plus visto (the past participle of ver).

Here are some examples to listen to:

Yo he visto a tu madre esta mañana.
I saw your mother this morning.

has visto la película esta semana.
You saw the movie this week.

Él ha visto los informes del mes.
He saw the monthly reports.

Nosotros hemos visto a tus padres.
We saw your parents.

Vosotros no habéis visto todavía Wonder Woman.
You haven't seen Wonder Woman yet.

Ellos han visto el amanecer.
They saw the sunrise.

*Other verbs derived from ver follow the same pattern:

entrever (to catch a glimpse) -> entrevisto
prever (to foresee) -> previsto

Nosotros hemos entrevisto la costa desde el barco.
We caught a glimpse of the coast from the ship.

Yo he previsto eso.
I saw that coming.

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Vosotros no habéis visto todavía Wonder Woman.
You haven't seen Wonder Woman yet.


Él ha visto los informes del mes.
He saw the monthly reports.


Nosotros hemos entrevisto la costa desde el barco.
We caught a glimpse of the coast from the ship.


has visto la película esta semana.
You saw the movie this week.


Yo he previsto eso.
I saw that coming.


Yo he visto a tu madre esta mañana.
I saw your mother this morning.


Ellos han visto el amanecer.
They saw the sunrise.


Nosotros hemos visto a tus padres.
We saw your parents.


Q&A

Doug

Kwiziq community member

1 December 2018

1 reply

Preterito indefinido vs perfecto

Hi, I've been confused about the same thing and found the previous questions helpful..Would really like to read the link cited but system says it's not available. (Seem to be getting that reponse frequently). How can I find it? The link is:  https://spanish.kwiziq.com/revision/grammar/when-to-use-el-preterito-perfecto-or-el-preterito-indefinido

Inma

Kwiziq language super star

2 December 2018

2/12/18

Hola Doug

Try now with this link. It should take you to a lesson comparing the use of the preterite vs the use of the present perfect When to use the perfect tense versus the simple past in European Spanish (Perfecto vs Indefinido)

Inma

K

Kwiziq community member

18 May 2018

1 reply

There are several things that are confusing about this lesson - the terms and meanings. You use both pretérito perfecto (once)

and pretérito perfecto compuesto (twice) in the same lesson for the same verb form. Is it possible to use just one. 

Also, in my experience, ha invitado has usually been translated as has invited rather than invited/ ha visto as has seen rather than saw.   So, I would then translate había visto as had seen. This is very confusing.  Help. K

Inma

Kwiziq language super star

18 May 2018

18/05/18

Hi K,

Inside the lesson the term used for this tense is El Pretérito Perfecto. It is when you click on the link for a wider explanation of this tense where you find the other terms. The reason why we use all possible terms is because there are students who have been taught this is the Pretérito Perfecto, others that learn it as the Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto, and in Latin América they usually learn it as the Antepresente. We decided to use in the lessons the term that we think is more widely used, but give the other terms alongside to clarify.

In reference to your other question, this tense in Spanish generally translates  into the simple past in English (I did, I went, I saw..). That's why you will often see phrases like "He visto" translated into "I saw" and not "I have seen". But in lessons that test conjugation you will always find what tense to conjugate in the hint, to clarify.

Sorry it is a bit confusing.

I hope this explanation helps a bit.

Inma

david

Kwiziq community member

11 April 2018

2 replies

When I translate this with other programs and ask native speakers, this is completely incorrect.

My research tells me that he visto means I have seen, NOT I saw.  Maybe this is correct in some countries, but I haven't found any native speaker in the U.S.A. who translates these simple past sentences (i.e. I saw, they saw) with the use of haber.  They are simply vi, viste, vio, vimos, and vieron.

Gruff

Kwiziq language super star

11 April 2018

11/04/18

Hi David - currently, Kwiziq focuses on European Spanish though we hope to be able to include the various American dialects too. For the most part, the differences are quite minor (comparable to British English versus American English) but the use of the present perfect and preterite is one area where there is an important difference.

I'll get one of our linguists to answer in more detail, but I know that the preterite tends to be used in Latin American Spanish where we would use the present perfect over here in Europe.

However, this lesson is really about conjugation, not usage, and the hint in testquestions will remind you which tense to conjugate so don't have to worry too much about the English.

Hope that helps!

Gruff

Kwiziq language super star

11 April 2018

11/04/18

FYI this lesson explains how the two tenses are used in European Spanish (there's a note explaining that the rules are different for the American Spanishes):

https://spanish.kwiziq.com/revision/grammar/when-to-use-el-preterito-perfecto-or-el-preterito-indefinido 

 

Alan

Kwiziq community member

18 February 2018

1 reply

Does this use of the Present Perfect only occur with ver and it's derivatives?

Alan

Kwiziq community member

18 February 2018

18/02/18

I meant El Pretérito Perfecto not Present Perfect.
Getting that for you now.