In Spanish there are different words that can express "under".
Learn how to say "under" in Spanish
Debajo de (preposition)
To express "under" as in "under a place/location" we commonly use the preposition "debajo de ...". This is when we say "under something". Using debajo de is the most common way to express under something.
Remember you MUST include the preposition "de" when it means under something.
Incorrect: Tus zapatos están debajo la mesa.
Debajo or Abajo (adverb)
To simply say something/someone is underneath, under there, down there, down here, below - as an adverb, we use debajo or abajo (without de). Debajo and abajo are interchangeable in most cases but debajo is generally more precise and abajo a bit more vague.
another Spanish preposition used with exactly the same meaning as debajo de but bajo is slightly more formal.
Unlike debajo de, we use bajo without "de".
For example, It is incorrect to say:
Note that we do not use bajo as an adverb, so this is incorrect:
Bajo (other meanings)
The Spanish preposition bajo is very versatile; it doesn't always literally refer to a physical location but can express a figurative meaning; generally it conveys a sense of dependency, subordination or influence:
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