Conjugate e > i verbs in El Presente de Subjuntivo (present subjunctive)

Generally, stem changing verbs e > ie and o > ue  in El Presente keep the same irregularity in El Presente de Subjuntivo, this means that there is a vowel change in all forms except the nosotros and vosotros forms.

However e > i verbs are different as they keep the e > i change all they way through their conjugation in El Presente de Subjuntivo.

Have a look at the following table showing some e > i verbs:

  VESTIR
to dress
PEDIR
to ask/order
RR
to laugh
 yo vista

pida

ría

  vistas

pidas

rías

él / ella
usted

vista

pida

ría

nosotros 
nosotras
vistamos

pidamos

riamos

vosotros 
vosotras
vistáis

pidáis

riais

ellos / ellas
ustedes
vistan

pidan

rían

Some other common verbs that follow this rule are:

  • competir = to compete
  • repetir to repeat
  • medir = to measure
  • despedir = to fire
  • reñir = to tell off
  • sonreír to smile

Here are some examples:

No me sorprende que compitas en la final.It doesn't surprise me that you are competing in the final.

No riñan a los niños tan a menudo.Don't tell the children off so often.

Será necesario que repitamos el examen.We will have to repeat the exam.

Quiero que midáis el largo del vestido.I want you to measure the length of the dress.

Notice how for all these verbs, the vowel -e- from the infinitive becomes -i-  in all the forms.

Listen to these examples :

No me pidáis que vaya allí por favor.Don't ask me to go there please.

Es mejor que pidamos la cuenta ahora.We'd better ask for the bill.

No os riais tanto.Don't laugh so much.

No es aceptable que nos riamos de ellos.It is not acceptable that we laugh at them.

Quiero que os vistáis elegantes.I want you to dress smartly.

Examples and resources

Quiero que os vistáis elegantes.I want you to dress smartly.
Es mejor que pidamos la cuenta ahora.We'd better ask for the bill.
Voy a trabajar duro antes de que el jefe me despida.I am going to work hard so the boss doesn't fire me.
No riñan a los niños tan a menudo.Don't tell the children off so often.
No es aceptable que nos riamos de ellos.It is not acceptable that we laugh at them.
No os riais tanto.Don't laugh so much.
No me pidáis que vaya allí por favor.Don't ask me to go there please.
No me sorprende que compitas en la final.It doesn't surprise me that you are competing in the final.
Quiero que midáis el largo del vestido.I want you to measure the length of the dress.
Será necesario que repitamos el examen.We will have to repeat the exam.

Q&A Forum 4 questions, 8 answers

William C1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Spelling mistakes

Simple spelling mistakes are part of everyday life and are too often being treated as mistakes in grammar. Writing "depidas" instead of "despidas" does not mean that I don't understand the grammar behind the lesson.

Asked 3 months ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola William

The answers entered by students in the blanks need to be the exact word needed. This is the only way the answer can be analysed as a correct or incorrect answer. I agree with you that making simple spelling mistakes like this one doesn't reflect one does not know the content, but unfortunately this is out of our control. The good thing about Kwiziq is that you can see what you've written, compare it with the right answer, and you can always go back to the test. 

Un saludo cordial,

Inma

ClaraC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Hi William,

I feel your frustration, it happens to me quite often. As annoying as it is  I can only deduce that our AI friend Kwizbot is not wired to recognise our minor spelling mistakes and is only able to see the correct word with accurate spelling or the incorrect, albeit oftentimes with only a tiny spelling error. 

I do appreciate what you’re saying here though. Maybe in time AI will become more sophisticated and be able to differentiate between spelling mistakes and a lack of grasping grammatical concepts.

I do all my quizzes on my mobile phone. To help avoid spelling mistakes my keyboard is set in Spanish. So when I type a word the in-built spell check will note if I’m spelling a word incorrectly and automatically show up the correct spelling. 

Clari :) 

William C1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Hi Inma / Clara

I understand the difficulties that Kwiziq faces in this situation. However we are not children and each of us have different tolerances to spelling mistakes. Repeating the same grammar topic will never end spelling mistakes with keyboards. We often make spelling mistakes with keyboards that we would never make writing longhand. Kwiziq should provide an override facility for these errors. In addition, they should also advise us if we have not answered all the questions.

Cheers

William

Spelling mistakes

Simple spelling mistakes are part of everyday life and are too often being treated as mistakes in grammar. Writing "depidas" instead of "despidas" does not mean that I don't understand the grammar behind the lesson.

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WylieC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Sonriais vs Sonriáis "

I just wrote sonriais in a blank on a test and it marked my answer "almost right", and gave the right answer as "sonriáis".

Asked 4 months ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Wylie

that is because the accent is missing in your answer. Sonriáis needs the accent on the "a" as per rules for accentuation in Spanish; it is a word that is stressed on the last syllable and ends on an -s, therefore the written accent is needed.

Saludos

Inma

Sonriais vs Sonriáis "

I just wrote sonriais in a blank on a test and it marked my answer "almost right", and gave the right answer as "sonriáis".

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JohnB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

riáis is still showing

Hola Inma,

The text of the lesson has been corrected to "riais" but one question is still showing "riáis" as an option [and not showing "riais."]

The question is "Es saludable que [sonráis] a menudo."

Asked 4 months ago
AlanC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

I suppose you mean that it shows "sonriáis" as an option, but that's correct because it has two syllables. The change in spelling introduced by the RAE only affected the verb reír.

However, there is one example which is still wrong - "No os riáis tanto."

InmaKwiziq team member

Gracias Alan. Ejemplo corregido.

Inma

riáis is still showing

Hola Inma,

The text of the lesson has been corrected to "riais" but one question is still showing "riáis" as an option [and not showing "riais."]

The question is "Es saludable que [sonráis] a menudo."

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JohnB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

"riáis or riais"

Hola,

My trusty Collins dictionary [Seventh Edition 2014] agrees with your conjugation of "riáis" for the 3rd person plural subjunctive but "WordReference [and Spanish dict] both give riais. There is a banner heading in the WordReference entry which I think translates as saying that the tilde was removed in the 2010 reform of the RAE.

Is your version a typo or am I missing something?

Best Regards

John

Asked 5 months ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola John

Yes, the accent used to be acceptable before 2010, but from 2010 the R.A.E (Real Academia Española) decided that it is not acceptable any more. I corrected the typo in the lesson.

Gracias

Inma

JohnB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Thanks Inma. John

"riáis or riais"

Hola,

My trusty Collins dictionary [Seventh Edition 2014] agrees with your conjugation of "riáis" for the 3rd person plural subjunctive but "WordReference [and Spanish dict] both give riais. There is a banner heading in the WordReference entry which I think translates as saying that the tilde was removed in the 2010 reform of the RAE.

Is your version a typo or am I missing something?

Best Regards

John

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