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Conjugate and recognise ir and ser in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)

The verbs ser (to be) and ir (to go) have identical conjugations in El Pretérito Indefinido (the simple past):

yo fui    I was/went
fuiste    you were/went
él / ella / ud.  
fue    he was/went 
nosotros / nosotras 
fuimos    we were/went
vosotros / vosotras 
fuisteis      you were/went 
ellos / ellas / uds.  
fueron
   they were/went
You can tell which verb is meant by the presence of the preposition a after the verb. Ser is never followed by a, but ir always is!

Read and listen to these examples: 

Yo fui el primero de mi clase el año pasado.
I was the first in my class last year.

Yo fui a casa de mi abuela la semana pasada.
I went to my grandmother house last week.

fuiste campeón de natación hace dos años.
You were a swimming champion two years ago.

fuiste a Buenos Aires en enero.
You went to Buenos Aires in January.

Él fue alpinista en su juventud.
He was a climber in his youth.

Ella fue a la peluquería ayer.
She went to the hairdresser yesterday.

Nosotras fuimos responsables de ese proyecto.
We were responsible for this project.

Nosotras fuimos a la playa el pasado agosto.
We went to the beach last August.

Vosotros fuisteis amigos durante la infancia.
You were friends during childhood.

Vosotros fuisteis a San Sebastián en primavera.
You went to San Sebastian in the spring.

Ellos fueron muy famosos el año pasado.
They were very famous last year.

Ellas fueron al cine.
They went to the cinema.

 

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Vosotros fuisteis amigos durante la infancia.
You were friends during childhood.


¿Ustedes fueron al concierto ayer?
Did you go to the concert yesterday?


Vosotros fuisteis a San Sebastián en primavera.
You went to San Sebastian in the spring.


¿Vosotras fuisteis estudiantes de la Universidad de Salamanca?
Were you students of the University of Salamanca?


Ella fue a la peluquería ayer.
She went to the hairdresser yesterday.


fuiste campeón de natación hace dos años.
You were a swimming champion two years ago.


Nosotras fuimos responsables de ese proyecto.
We were responsible for this project.


Nosotras fuimos a la playa el pasado agosto.
We went to the beach last August.


fuiste a Buenos Aires en enero.
You went to Buenos Aires in January.


Él fue alpinista en su juventud.
He was a climber in his youth.


Yo fui el primero de mi clase el año pasado.
I was the first in my class last year.


Ella fue muy alegre toda su vida.
She was very happy all her life.


Él fue a comprar fruta.
He went to buy fruit.


Ellas fueron al cine.
They went to the cinema.


Ellos fueron muy famosos el año pasado.
They were very famous last year.


Usted fue a casa de su tía la semana pasada.
You went to your aunt's house last week.


Yo fui a casa de mi abuela la semana pasada.
I went to my grandmother house last week.


¿Ellas fueron pintoras durante los sesenta?
Were they painters during the sixties?


Micro kwiz: Conjugate and recognise ir and ser in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)
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Q&A

papi

Kwiziq community member

16 April 2018

1 reply

Would it not be imperfect?

One of the questions in this section was:

Mi prima ________ Miss Universo. .My cousin was Miss UniverseHINT: Conjugate "ser" in Pretérito indefinido

I got this correct (fue), because of the section it is in, but would it not be better to use the imperfect for this example?  Mi prima era Miss Universo.   There is no time frame involved, outside of being in the past.  Does it really matter? Just wondering.  Thank you.

Inma

Kwiziq language super star

16 April 2018

16/04/18

Hi Papi


We haven't put any emphasis on the timeframes in this lesson as it is all to do with verbs IR and SER having the same form in the preterite. This sentence could be using both "fui" and "era" depending on the the timeframe when the action happened, being more specific (preterite) or more irrelevant (imperfect). We are at the moment doing a lesson to differenciate verb "ser" in the preterite and in the imperfect so you will have more information very soon :))


Saludos


Inma


Getting that for you now.