Doing arithmetic (numbers, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division)

Look at these examples:

dos más dos igual a cuatro
two plus two equals four

seis menos uno igual a cinco
six minus one equals five

veinte dividido entre cinco igual a cuatro
twenty divided by five equals four

tres multiplicado por tres igual a nueve
three times three equals nine

Addition and subtraction

We use más (plus) and menos (minus), and then igual a (equals).

However we also have other, simpler ways to express it:

using y (plus, and) and son (equals).

We sometimes omit the "equals" part and just use a comma.

Have a look and listen to these examples:

diez más dos igual a doce
ten plus two equals twelve

diez más dos son doce
ten plus two equals twelve

diez y dos, doce
ten plus two equals twelve

Multiplication

We use por (times) or multiplicado por (multiplied by). We can also omit the equals part and use a comma or "son".

dos multiplicado por dos igual a cuatro
two times two equals four

dos por dos son cuatro
two times two equals four

dos por dos, cuatro
two times two equals four

Division

We use dividido entre (divided by) or the simpler version: "entre". We can also omit the equals part and use a comma or "son".

quince dividido entre tres igual a cinco
fifteen divided by three equals five

quince entre tres son cinco
fifteen divided by three equals five

quince entre tres, cinco
fifteen divided by three equals five

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

tres multiplicado por tres igual a nueve
three times three equals nine


diez más dos igual a doce
ten plus two equals twelve


dos multiplicado por dos igual a cuatro
two times two equals four


veinte dividido entre cinco igual a cuatro
twenty divided by five equals four


quince entre tres, cinco
fifteen divided by three equals five


dos por dos son cuatro
two times two equals four


seis menos uno igual a cinco
six minus one equals five


quince entre tres son cinco
fifteen divided by three equals five


dos por dos, cuatro
two times two equals four


diez más dos son doce
ten plus two equals twelve


quince dividido entre tres igual a cinco
fifteen divided by three equals five


diez y dos, doce
ten plus two equals twelve


dos más dos igual a cuatro
two plus two equals four


dos multiplicado por dos igual a cuatro
two times two equals four


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