Forming the plural of -e ending nationality and origin adjectives

There are some adjectives that refer to nationalities and places of origin which end in -e.

They form their plurals this way:

add -s  (masculine and feminine plural) 
Take for example the adjective árabe (Arabic)

Un hombre árabe
An Arab man.

Dos hombres árabes.
Two Arab men.

Una mujer árabe
An Arab woman.

Dos mujeres árabes.
Two Arab women.

Notice how the plural is always the same for masculine and feminine.
Have a look and listen to these examples:

Muchos jóvenes canadienses viven en Europa.
Many young Canadians live in Europe.

Las chicas estadounidenses hablan inglés.
The American girls speak English.

Los tés árabes son muy buenos.
Arab teas are very good.

Las palabras bables son de Asturias.
Bable words are from Asturias.

In Spanish this type of adjectives are not capitalised.

Soy Estadounidense
Soy estadounidense(I am American)

Son Estadounidenses.
Son estadounidenses. (They are American)

See also Forming the singular feminine of -e ending nationality and origin adjectives.

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Las palabras bables son de Asturias.
Bable words are from Asturias.


Las chicas estadounidenses hablan inglés.
The American girls speak English.


Los tés árabes son muy buenos.
Arab teas are very good.


Muchos jóvenes canadienses viven en Europa.
Many young Canadians live in Europe.


Q&A Forum 2 questions, 3 answers

AnneA2Kwiziq community member

- es or -as

There seems to be no pattern regarding when the nationality/adjective is -es or -as. In this question, it women are -es. In other questions, it is-as Nosotras vivimos en Dublin pero Sokos portuguesas. What am I missing?

Asked 1 month ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Anne

There are different lessons on nationality adjectives. Not all endings follow the same rule. Here is another lesson for nationalities ending in -s. 

I hope it helps

Inma

- es or -as

There seems to be no pattern regarding when the nationality/adjective is -es or -as. In this question, it women are -es. In other questions, it is-as Nosotras vivimos en Dublin pero Sokos portuguesas. What am I missing?

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NicoleB1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

forming adjectives from country names

Hi,

I did a search on your site to find out the above, but there were not results.

Do you have a lesson/guidelines on how to form adjectives from country names?

In the quiz there were names of countries and I couldn't tell how to form the plural adjective.

Thank you, Nicole

Asked 3 months ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Nicole

We have lessons on how to form the plurals of nationality adjectives ending in -s and -e, which are the most common. 

Here are the lessons:

Ending in -s

Ending in -e

There is also a list with nationalities (a basic list, not comprehensive)

Un saludo

Inma

NicoleB1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Thank you Inma. Nicole

forming adjectives from country names

Hi,

I did a search on your site to find out the above, but there were not results.

Do you have a lesson/guidelines on how to form adjectives from country names?

In the quiz there were names of countries and I couldn't tell how to form the plural adjective.

Thank you, Nicole

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