Forming the plural of nouns ending in a consonant (except -z)

Spanish nouns that end in a consonant and refer to inanimate objects are generally masculine, although there are some exceptions. Look at these examples:

El árbol.
The tree.

El sol.
The sun.

El amor.
Love.

La estación.
The station.

La flor.
The flower.

Remember that you cannot predict the gender of inanimate objects, it needs to be memorised.

Whatever the gender, they all form their plural by adding -es. 

Read and listen to these examples:

El clavel. Los claveles.
The carnation. The carnations.

El portal. Los portales.
The hallway. The hallways.

La coliflor. Las coliflores.
The cauliflower. The cauliflowers.

El hogar. Los hogares.
The home. The homes.

See also:

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

La flor.
The flower.


El árbol.
The tree.


La estación.
The station.


El hogar. Los hogares.
The home. The homes.


El clavel. Los claveles.
The carnation. The carnations.


La coliflor. Las coliflores.
The cauliflower. The cauliflowers.


El portal. Los portales.
The hallway. The hallways.


El amor.
Love.


El sol.
The sun.


Q&A Forum 1 question, 1 answer

ZiaA1Kwiziq community member

Predictability

To me it sounds a bit contradictive in this lesson: first, you say "nouns that end in a consonant and refer to inanimate objects are generally masculine" and then you continue with "you cannot predict the gender of inanimate objects".

I have no problem with having to memorize things, but I think that first part may be confusing to some, so it might be better to just leave it out.

I'm very much enjoying the lessons in general though. ¡Gracias!

Asked 5 months ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Zia,

I understand what you are saying, but with gender in Spanish, we always talk about a specific ending of a word being generally masculine or feminine, although there are exceptions in pretty much all cases. Generally speaking, there are a lot more masculine nouns that end in consonant (except for -d and -z), this is why we chose to use the word "generally", but we always mention any very commonly used noun in the lesson if that is an exception to the rule. We also try to avoid testing on exceptions unless it has specifically been mentioned in the lesson. 

We really appreciate your comments and suggestions, and we are glad to hear you are enjoying learning with Kwiziq.

Saludos

Inma

 

Predictability

To me it sounds a bit contradictive in this lesson: first, you say "nouns that end in a consonant and refer to inanimate objects are generally masculine" and then you continue with "you cannot predict the gender of inanimate objects".

I have no problem with having to memorize things, but I think that first part may be confusing to some, so it might be better to just leave it out.

I'm very much enjoying the lessons in general though. ¡Gracias!

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