Forming the plural of nouns ending in a consonant (except -z)

Spanish nouns that end in a consonant and refer to inanimate objects are generally masculine, although there are some exceptions. Look at these examples:

El árbol.The tree.

El sol.The sun.

El amor.Love.

La estación.The station.

La flor.The flower.

Remember that you cannot predict the gender of inanimate objects, it needs to be memorised.

Whatever the gender, they all form their plural by adding -es. 

Read and listen to these examples:

El clavel. Los claveles.The carnation. The carnations.

El portal. Los portales.The hallway. The hallways.

La coliflor. Las coliflores.The cauliflower. The cauliflowers.

El hogar. Los hogares.The home. The homes.

Note that some singular words have a written accent [ ' ] and this accent may disappear in the plural form, following the rules for accentuation in Spanish.

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Examples and resources

El hogar. Los hogares.The home. The homes.
El clavel. Los claveles.The carnation. The carnations.
La coliflor. Las coliflores.The cauliflower. The cauliflowers.
El portal. Los portales.The hallway. The hallways.
El amor.Love.
El sol.The sun.
La flor.The flower.
El árbol.The tree.
La estación.The station.
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