Daily dose of positivity Let's get through the coronavirus together »

Forming the imperative of tú for most verbs (affirmative commands)

The "" (2nd person singular) form of El Imperativo (affirmative commands) of most verbs in Spanish coincide with the conjugation for the él/ella (3rd person singular) form in El Presente. 

Have a look at these examples of el/ella + present tense and the  form of the imperative:

Él baila(He dances) = present tense
¡Baila! (Dance!) = affirmative command for  

Ella come(She eats) = present tense
¡Come! (Eat!) = affirmative command for  

Pedro conduce. (Pedro drives) = present tense
¡Conduce! (Drive!) = affirmative command for  

Here are some more examples:

Mi hija María pinta unos cuadros muy bonitos.My daughter María paints some very pretty pictures.

María, ¡pinta un cuadro bonito!María, paint a pretty picture!

Esther cose el botón de su camisa.Esther sews a button on her shirt.

Esther, ¡cose el botón de tu camisa!Esther, sew the button on your shirt!

Ella asiste a la cita del médico.She attends the doctor's appointment.

¡Asiste a la cita del médico!Attend the doctor's appointment!

Remember that lots of verbs in Spanish contain irregularities in the present tense, so that irregularity is maintained in the imperative:

¡Empieza ahora!Start now!

¡Pide la cuenta!Ask for the bill!

¡Recuerda nuestra cita!Remember our date!

¡Oye!Listen!

There are a limited number of irregular verbs that for the  form of the imperative do not follow the rule above. Most of them are yo-go verbs. These have a short form, see Forming the imperative of tú for all irregular verbs (irregular affirmative commands)

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

¡Eduardo, corre más rápido!Eduardo, run faster!
Esther cose el botón de su camisa.Esther sews a button on her shirt.
¡Pide la cuenta!Ask for the bill!
¡Pepe, presta atención !Pepe, pay attention!
María, ¡pinta un cuadro bonito!María, paint a pretty picture!
¡Empieza ahora!Start now!
Esther, ¡cose el botón de tu camisa!Esther, sew the button on your shirt!
Mi hija María pinta unos cuadros muy bonitos.My daughter María paints some very pretty pictures.
¡Bebe algo!Drink something! ("you" informal singular = "tú")
¡Asiste a la cita del médico!Attend the doctor's appointment!
¡Oye!Listen!
María, ¡compra más patatas!María, buy more potatoes!
Ella asiste a la cita del médico.She attends the doctor's appointment.
¡Recuerda nuestra cita!Remember our date!

Q&A Forum 2 questions, 2 answers

JamesC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

el imperativo para el verbo dar

¿En este ejemplo por qué la forma segunda persona singular del verbo dar se usa para el imperativo?

Here is my question in English, in case my question in Spanish is incorrect or just too awkward:

In this example, why is the 2nd person singular form of the verb, dar, used for the imperative?

Asked 2 months ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola James,

This is the question you are referring to from the quiz, I imagine:

Javier, ___ esa revista a Manuel. (Javier, give that magazine to Manuel.)

We need "da" here as the imperative for tú of the verb dar.

This is a command to "Javier".

It is as if we said (a bit more abruptly..):

¡You, give that magazine to Manuel!

It may not look so much as a command because we didn't use the exclamation marks but it still it; you can see the "comma! after Javier. 

Javier, ..........

I hope this clarified it.

Un saludo,

Inma

el imperativo para el verbo dar

¿En este ejemplo por qué la forma segunda persona singular del verbo dar se usa para el imperativo?

Here is my question in English, in case my question in Spanish is incorrect or just too awkward:

In this example, why is the 2nd person singular form of the verb, dar, used for the imperative?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

TamaraB1Kwiziq community member

The progress test given me included an A2 level question, although I've been working in level B1.

Asked 1 year ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Tamara

The system picks up areas you might need to revise, so occasionally it will take you back to a lower level. 

Saludos

Inma

The progress test given me included an A2 level question, although I've been working in level B1.

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Find your Spanish level for FREE

Test your Spanish to the CEFR standard

Find your Spanish level

Why not share the love?!

Let me take a look at that...