Conjugate ser in El Presente (present tense)

The verb ser (to be) is irregular in El Presente:

yo  soy
eres
él / ella / Ud. es
nosotros /nosotras 
somos
vosotros / vosotras  
sois
ellos / ellas / Uds.  
son

Read and listen to these sentences with ser

Yo soy rubia.
I am blonde.

eres médico.
You are a doctor.

Él es alto.
He is tall.

Nosotros somos hermanos.
We are brothers.

Mis hermanos son irlandeses.
My brothers are Irish.

Laura y Sarah son francesas.
Laura and Sarah are French.

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

eres médico.
You are a doctor.


Vosotras sois gemelas.
You are twin sisters.


Él es alto.
He is tall.


Nosotros somos hermanos.
We are brothers.


Laura y Sarah son francesas.
Laura and Sarah are French.


Ella es amable.
She is nice.


Yo soy rubia.
I am blonde.


Mis hermanos son irlandeses.
My brothers are Irish.


Q&A Forum 5 questions, 6 answers

CTLA1

when to use ser or estar and why

how do we know how to choose between ser and estar? i thought ser was used for permanent things but estar is for not permanent things?is that thought true?if not how do we know which to choose?

Asked 2 weeks ago
InmaKwiziq language super star

Hola CTL

The rule about something being permanent (ser) and non-permanent (estar) is something that you cannot follow and trust 100%, so these two important verbs need to be studied in different sections. Here is some information about ser and estar here, where you can see all the different lessons dealing with these verbs at the bottom. 

I hope it helps,

Inma

when to use ser or estar and why

how do we know how to choose between ser and estar? i thought ser was used for permanent things but estar is for not permanent things?is that thought true?if not how do we know which to choose?

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I’m confused when to use ser or estar

Asked 3 months ago
InmaKwiziq language super star

Hola Lesley

We use one or the other depending on the context. There isn't one simple rule differentiating them. We use ser in specific situations and estar in other specific situations. We have many specific lessons on these essential verbs. Here are some of the A1 and A2 lessons:

Using ser (not estar) to describe relationships

Using ser (not estar) to express an essential or permanent characteristic

Using ser (not estar) to express origin or nationality

Using estar (not ser) when talking about locations

Using estar (not ser) when talking about physical condition of something, someone or a place

I hope this helps. There are more lessons on ser and estar for more advance levels.

Saludos

Inma

I’m confused when to use ser or estar

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What is the difference between ellos and vosotros?

Asked 6 months ago
InmaKwiziq language super star

Hola Duaae

In Spanish (from Spain) we have a pronoun for "you plural" (vosotros/vosotras)  as in when you are talking to more than one person, and a pronoun for "they" (ellos/ellas). 

Vosotros/vosotras is the equivalent of "you [guys]" in English.

Un saludo

Inma

What is the difference between ellos and vosotros?

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I was wondering why Usted (Ud.) and Ustedes (Uds.) are capitalized in the box for irregular ser verb.

Asked 7 months ago
ShuiKwiziq language super starCorrect answer

¡Hola Joseph!

This is a great question! 

Normally, abbreviations follow the capitalisation rules of the full version of the word. However, there are some exceptions, and this includes forms of address.

This means that even though when you write them out in full, usted and ustedes are all lower case, the abbreviated forms are capitalised (Ud. and Uds. respectively). Some other examples are:

  • señor = Sr.
  • señora = Sra.
  • don = D.

Saludos
Shui

I was wondering why Usted (Ud.) and Ustedes (Uds.) are capitalized in the box for irregular ser verb.

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why do we need conjugations

like seriously, we don't need a new word for each person
Asked 10 months ago
SilviaKwiziq language super star

¡Hola Carter! Conjugations are needed in order to know who carries out the action and when the action takes place. All Latin languages have different verb endings that must be learned in order to communicate effectively.

Many thanks,

Silvia.

TomB1

We do the same thing in English (but to a lesser degree).  For example I go to the store but he goes to the store.  

why do we need conjugations

like seriously, we don't need a new word for each person

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