We use the Gerundio/Spanish present participle in order to say by + gerund (-ing verb).
Read and listen to these examples:
Yo memorizo la información repitiendo mucho.I memorise the information by repeating it a lot.
Marta controlaba el estrés haciendo deporte.Marta controlled her stress by doing sport.
Nosotras hemos aprendido mucho escribiendo en la pizarra.We have learned a lot by writing on the board.
Las cosas se consiguen teniendo paciencia.Things are achieved by being patient.
As you can see in the examples above, there is a main action that is achieved:
- María controlaba el estrés
through a second action that uses the gerund (-ando, -iendo):
Notice how in Spanish there is no preposition before the gerund, unlike in English (which uses by). For example:
Se pierde peso comiendo de forma sensata.
Se pierde peso por comiendo de forma sensata.
One loses weight by eating sensibly.
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