Using "anda, anda que, anda que no" for surprise, encouragement, emphasis (interjections)

The word "anda" is used very often in colloquial Spanish to express different things. It can indicate surprise, disbelief, rejection, admiration, emphasis, irony...

These are the main contexts where it is used:

Anda: to encourage/ask someone to do something.

Anda, levántate ya, que es muy tarde.Come on, get up right away, it's very late.

Sal de aquí, anda.Get out of here, come on.

Anda, cerrad la ventana, que hace frío.Come on, close the window, it is cold.

Anda: to show surprise or admiration

¡Anda, qué bien te han dejado en la peluquería!Wow, what a good job they did at the hairdresser's!

¡Anda, pero si ha llegado Carlos!Oh, Carlos is here!

¡Anda, vaya mancha tienes en el vestido!Good grief, look at that stain on your dress!

Anda que, anda que no:  to express something with irony/sarcasm

-Me he comido el último chocolate. -Anda que no eres caradura.-I ate the last chocolate. -You are so cheeky.

Anda que menudo susto nos has dado.You gave us such a scare.

-Yo no soy nada vanidoso. -¡Anda que no!-I am not vain at all! -Yeah right, sure.

Note that depending on what they convey, these expressions using anda, anda que, anda que no,  can have very different translations as there is no direct equivalent in English. 

Anda is an invariable word in these cases, coinciding with the imperative form of the verb andar, but here is is used as an idiomatic expression and is completely disconnected from the meaning "to walk".

There are short expressions using the word anda that are used on their own as exclamations, meaning different things depending on the context. For example:

¡Anda! He perdido la cartera.Dammit! I lost my wallet.

-¡Me ha tocado la lotería! -¡Anda ya!-I won the lottery! -What? Are you kidding?

-¡Eres muy egoísta! -¡Anda que tú!-You are very selfish! -Look who's talking!

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Examples and resources

-¡Me ha tocado la lotería! -¡Anda ya!-I won the lottery! -What? Are you kidding?
¡Anda, qué bien te han dejado en la peluquería!Wow, what a good job they did at the hairdresser's!
¡Anda! He perdido la cartera.Dammit! I lost my wallet.
-Yo no soy nada vanidoso. -¡Anda que no!-I am not vain at all! -Yeah right, sure.
Anda, cerrad la ventana, que hace frío.Come on, close the window, it is cold.
-¡Eres muy egoísta! -¡Anda que tú!-You are very selfish! -Look who's talking!
Anda que menudo susto nos has dado.You gave us such a scare.
Sal de aquí, anda.Get out of here, come on.
¡Anda, vaya mancha tienes en el vestido!Good grief, look at that stain on your dress!
-Me he comido el último chocolate. -Anda que no eres caradura.-I ate the last chocolate. -You are so cheeky.
Anda, levántate ya, que es muy tarde.Come on, get up right away, it's very late.
¡Anda, pero si ha llegado Carlos!Oh, Carlos is here!
I'll be right with you...