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Using por (not para) to express medium

We use the preposition por (not para) in order to express way, medium or channel. Read and listen to these examples:

Ella habla con su madre por teléfono.
She's talking to her mother on the phone.

Los inmigrantes ilegales llegan a España por barco.
Illegal immigrants arrive in Spain by boat.

Las cartas internacionales viajan por avión.
International letters travel by plane.

When we are talking about transport the preposition en is also acceptable, although with verbs viajar (to travel)  and ir (to go) we tend to use en and with verb enviar (to send) we tend to use por

Have a look at these sentences:

Mis padres viajarán a Irlanda en avión.
My parent will travel to Ireland by plane.

Mis padres irán a Irlanda en avión.
My parents will go to Ireland by plane.

Preferiría enviar el paquete por avión.
I'd rather send the parcel by plane.

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Ella habla con su madre por teléfono.
She's talking to her mother on the phone.


Preferiría enviar el paquete por avión.
I'd rather send the parcel by plane.


Mis padres irán a Irlanda en avión.
My parents will go to Ireland by plane.


Las cartas internacionales viajan por avión.
International letters travel by plane.


Mis padres viajarán a Irlanda en avión.
My parent will travel to Ireland by plane.


Los inmigrantes ilegales llegan a España por barco.
Illegal immigrants arrive in Spain by boat.


Siempre viajo en tren.
I always travel by train.


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