When todo is used as a pronoun, it means everything, the whole (of it) or all (of it). It also expresses an undefined quantity like Adjetivo indefinido.
Look at this table:
In Spanish the pronoun todo always agrees with the noun it replaces.
Now let's see how to use this pronoun!
1. Todo [masculine singular noun]
¿Vais a comer el pollo? - No, no lo queremos todo.Are you going to eat the chicken? - No, we don't want all of it.
El pastel estaba exquisito, aunque no lo hemos acabado todo.The cake was really tasty, although we didn't finish it all.
2. Toda [feminine singular noun]
La cocina ha quedado muy bien. La he redecorado toda.The kitchen has turned out very well. I have redecorated it all.
La tarta de cumpleaños estaba deliciosa y la he comido toda.The birthday cake was delicious and I have eaten all of it.
3. Todos [masculine plural noun]
Los árboles son importantes para el planeta. Todos son necesarios.Trees are important for the planet. All of them are necessary.
Mis amigos son muy inteligentes y todos trabajan en buenos puestos.My friends are very intelligent and all of them work in good jobs.
4. Todas [feminine plural noun]
¿Has recogido tus cosas? - Sí, las he recogido todas.Have you collected your things? - Yes, I have collected them all.
A todas las chicas les gusta la playa. - No, no les gusta a todas.All girls like the beach. - No, not all of them like it.
Note on todo and todos
Todo (masculine singular) can also replace a whole idea, or could refer to "everything" as in a group of things, but as a unit. For example:
- Yo quiero verlo todo. I want to see everything.
- Todo me parece interesante. Everything seems interesting to me.
Todos (masculine plural) can also mean everybody when it is used in the masculine plural form.
- Todos quieren conocer al presidente. Everybody wants to meet the president.
See also Using todo, toda, todos and todas to say all, every and the whole (indefinite adjectives).
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