Using todo to say everything or all (of it) (indefinite pronoun)

When todo is used as a pronoun, it means everything, the whole (of it) or all (of it). It also expresses an undefined quantity like Adjetivo indefinido.

Look at this table:

  Singular Plural
 Masculine todo todos
 Feminine toda todas
In Spanish the pronoun todo always agrees with the noun it replaces.

Now let's see how to use this pronoun!

1. Todo [masculine singular noun]

¿Vais a comer el pollo? - No, no lo queremos todo.
Are you going to eat the chicken? - No, we don't want all of it.

El pastel estaba exquisito, aunque no lo hemos acabado todo.
The cake was really tasty, although we didn't finish it all.

2. Toda [feminine singular noun]

La cocina ha quedado muy bien. La he redecorado toda.
The kitchen has turned out very well. I have redecorated it all.

La tarta de cumpleaños estaba deliciosa y la he comido toda.
The birthday cake was delicious and I have eaten all of it.

3. Todos [masculine plural noun]

Los árboles son importantes para el planeta. Todos son necesarios.
Trees are important for the planet. All of them are necessary.

Mis amigos son muy inteligentes y todos trabajan en buenos puestos.
My friends are very intelligent and all of them work in good jobs.

4. Todas [feminine plural noun]

¿Has recogido tus cosas? - Sí, las he recogido todas.
Have you collected your things? - Yes, I have collected them all.

A todas las chicas les gusta la playa. - No, no les gusta a todas.
All girls like the beach. - No, not all of them like it.

Note on todo and todos

Todo (masculine singular) can also replace a whole idea, or could refer to "everything" as in a group of things, but as a unit. For example:

  • Yo quiero verlo todo.  I want to see everything.
  • Todo me parece interesante.  Everything seems interesting to me.

Todos (masculine plural) can also mean everybody when it is used in the masculine plural form.

  • Todos quieren conocer al presidente.  Everybody wants to meet the president.

See also Using todo, toda, todos and todas to say all, every and the whole (indefinite adjectives).

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Los árboles son importantes para el planeta. Todos son necesarios.
Trees are important for the planet. All of them are necessary.


A todas las chicas les gusta la playa. - No, no les gusta a todas.
All girls like the beach. - No, not all of them like it.


¿Vais a comer el pollo? - No, no lo queremos todo.
Are you going to eat the chicken? - No, we don't want all of it.


Mis amigos son muy inteligentes y todos trabajan en buenos puestos.
My friends are very intelligent and all of them work in good jobs.


¿Has recogido tus cosas? - Sí, las he recogido todas.
Have you collected your things? - Yes, I have collected them all.


El pastel estaba exquisito, aunque no lo hemos acabado todo.
The cake was really tasty, although we didn't finish it all.


La cocina ha quedado muy bien. La he redecorado toda.
The kitchen has turned out very well. I have redecorated it all.


La tarta de cumpleaños estaba deliciosa y la he comido toda.
The birthday cake was delicious and I have eaten all of it.


Q&A Forum 3 questions, 3 answers

Ha encantado

Hola soporte,

I'm struggling a little bit to get my head around the bold section: He estado de viaje y me ha encantado todo

I guess it means 'to myself, it has enchanted me all (I have loved it all)'?

But because in my English head I think it looks strange (lo/le he encantado todo seems more natural), do you have any other lessons on expressing maybe the love, like stuff with the pronoun, so that I can get my head round it.

Muchas gracias,

Asked 2 weeks ago
InmaKwiziq language super star

Hola Stuart

You may have missed this lesson on How to say to love something/doing something.

Have a look. You will find the explanation there.

Saludos

Inma

Ha encantado

Hola soporte,

I'm struggling a little bit to get my head around the bold section: He estado de viaje y me ha encantado todo

I guess it means 'to myself, it has enchanted me all (I have loved it all)'?

But because in my English head I think it looks strange (lo/le he encantado todo seems more natural), do you have any other lessons on expressing maybe the love, like stuff with the pronoun, so that I can get my head round it.

Muchas gracias,

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

no accent mark on "vais"

Hello,

I think there is a mistake in this lesson. Where you have ¿Váis a comer el pollo? Should it not be ¿Vais a comer el pollo? - No accent over the "a" in vais.

Asked 1 month ago
InmaKwiziq language super star

Yes, you are right! Vais doesn't take an accent. Typo corrected.

Gracias

Inma

no accent mark on "vais"

Hello,

I think there is a mistake in this lesson. Where you have ¿Váis a comer el pollo? Should it not be ¿Vais a comer el pollo? - No accent over the "a" in vais.

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Todo or Toda

In the question:La maleta era muy pequeña y no pude poner ________ en ella.The suitcase was very small and I couldn't put everything in it.Why is the answer todo instead of toda?
Asked 4 months ago
InmaKwiziq language super star

Hola Marc

To say "everything" we always use "todo" (masculine singular form) if we are just referring to a group of things but think of it as a neutral unity (everything). There is a note at the end of the lesson explaining this. 

We would is toda (feminine singular form) if the referent we have is clearly a feminine noun, for example:

"-¿Has comido tu pasta? - Sí, la he comido toda."

(-Did you eat your pasta? -Yes, I ate it all/ I ate all of it)

or

"He visto muchos monumentos en Roma, y me ha encantado todo."

(I saw lots of monuments in Rome and l loved everything/all of it.)

You could also say "me han encantado todos" if you want to refer to all the monuments, using the plural. But you could equally refer to the unity of all the monuments as in "everything" and then use "todo", which is what I did in the sentence.

I hope this clarifies it.

Inma

Todo or Toda

In the question:La maleta era muy pequeña y no pude poner ________ en ella.The suitcase was very small and I couldn't put everything in it.Why is the answer todo instead of toda?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Clever stuff underway!