Cada uno/a de [noun/pronoun] for each one of [something/someone]

In Spanish we use "cada uno de" or "cada una de" followed by a noun (with determiners) or a pronoun, to express "each one of". 

Have a look at the following examples:

Hubo 30 invitados en mi fiesta y cada uno de ellos trajo un regalo.
There were 30 guests at my party and each one of them brought a present.

Cada una de mis amigas tiene una virtud diferente.
Each one of my friends has a different quality.

Notice how:

  • When referring to a masculine noun we use "cada uno" (invitados) and when referring to a feminine noun we use "cada una" (amigas).
  • The noun is always accompanied by determiners like possessives (mis, tus, sus...), demonstratives (estos, esas, aquellos...) in the plural form.

Here are some other examples:

Andalucía tiene 8 provincias. Cada una de esas provincias tiene unas características diferentes.
Andalusia has 8 provinces. Each of those provinces has different characteristics.

Estuve en un hotel muy bonito. Cada una de las habitaciones estaba decorada con un estilo particular.
I was in a very pretty hotel. Each one of the rooms was decorated in a particular style.

Cada uno de los concursantes tuvo que pasar por una prueba.
Each one of the contestants had to go through a test.

When cada uno/a de is followed by a noun, you could easily say the same with cada + noun. Using the longer structure simply reinforces the meaning of "cada" (every/each). For example:

Cada concursante tuvo que pasar por una prueba.
Cada uno de los concursantes tuvo que pasar por una prueba.

But remember that in the first shorter structure the noun is always singular, not plural (cada concursante, not cada concursantes).

When cada uno/a de is followed by a pronoun, this shorter version is not possible, just like in English.

Cada uno de ellos trajo un regalo.
Each one of them brought a present.

BUT

Cada ellos trajo un regalo.
Each them brought a present.

 See also Using cada + noun for each (quantitative adjectives) 

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Cada uno de los concursantes tuvo que pasar por una prueba.
Each one of the contestants had to go through a test.


Estuve en un hotel muy bonito. Cada una de las habitaciones estaba decorada con un estilo particular.
I was in a very pretty hotel. Each one of the rooms was decorated in a particular style.


Hubo 30 invitados en mi fiesta y cada uno de ellos trajo un regalo.
There were 30 guests at my party and each one of them brought a present.


Cada una de mis amigas tiene una virtud diferente.
Each one of my friends has a different quality.


Andalucía tiene 8 provincias. Cada una de esas provincias tiene unas características diferentes.
Andalusia has 8 provinces. Each of those provinces has different characteristics.


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