Conjugate estar in El Pretérito Indefinido (simple past)

The verb estar (to be) is irregular in El Pretérito Indefinido:

yo

estuve

estuviste

él/ella/Ud.

estuvo

nosotros / nosotras

estuvimos

vosotros / vosotras

estuvisteis

ellos/ellas/Uds.

estuvieron

Here are some examples to look at and listen to:

Yo estuve en Cartagena el año pasado.
I was in Cartagena last year.

estuviste enfermo en el hospital.
You were sick in the hospital.

Él estuvo en su equipo de fútbol.
He was on his football team.

Nosotros estuvimos en Brasil con amigos.
We were in Brazil with friends.

Vosotros estuvisteis en el concierto anoche.
You were at the concert last night.

Ellos estuvieron en el festival de verano.
They were at the summer festival.

Estar belongs to a group of verbs that all have a different stem but they share the same set of endings. To learn more about this have a look at Irregulares en Indefinido/mismas terminaciones.

Examples and resources

Ellos estuvieron en el festival de verano.
They were at the summer festival.


estuviste enfermo en el hospital.
You were sick in the hospital.


Vosotros estuvisteis en el concierto anoche.
You were at the concert last night.


Nosotros estuvimos en Brasil con amigos.
We were in Brazil with friends.


Él estuvo en su equipo de fútbol.
He was on his football team.


Yo estuve en Cartagena el año pasado.
I was in Cartagena last year.


Q&A

Sandy

Kwiziq community member

23 June 2018

1 reply

What would help with some of the examples, to clarify why it is preterito that should be used, not imperfecto, is to give more context...

For example: We were in Brazil with friends could easily also use estabamos, if it were the setting for when something happened:

Estábamos en Brasil con amigos cuando ella murió

La semana pasada, estuvimos en Brasil con amigos

Inma

Kwiziq language super star

23 June 2018

23/06/18

Hola Sandy


As this lesson is a conjugation one, so we want to test the "form" not the "usage" we always give hints to which tense to conjugate. Some sentences that we've used have time frames but others don't as they are not essential.


When we make a lesson about when to use a specific tense or choosing between one tense or another you will always find a time frame to help you choose.


Gracias y un saludo

Getting that for you now.