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Using este, esta, estos, estas to say this/these (demonstrative adjectives)

To express this/these + [noun] in Spanish, you use the following demonstrative adjectives: este, esta, estos, estas + [noun].
Like in English (this), you use these to talk about something or someone that is close to the speaker. 

Have a look at these examples:

Esta casa es azul.
This house is blue.

Este camión es muy grande.
This truck is very big.

Estas niñas son mis vecinas.
These girls are my neighbors.

Estos libros son caros.
These books are expensive.

Yo tengo este libro.
I have this book.

Este espejo es grande.
This mirror is big.

Esta tortilla es sabrosa.
This omelette is tasty.

Nosotros tenemos esta moneda.
We have this coin.

They agree in gender and number with the noun they refer to, as follows:

  Masculine

Feminine

Singular (this)

este

esta

Plural (these)

estos

estas

 

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Este espejo es grande.
This mirror is big.


Esta casa es azul.
This house is blue.


Yo tengo este libro.
I have this book.


Estos libros son caros.
These books are expensive.


Nosotros tenemos esta moneda.
We have this coin.


Estas niñas son mis vecinas.
These girls are my neighbors.


Esta tortilla es sabrosa.
This omelette is tasty.


Este camión es muy grande.
This truck is very big.


Q&A

Sandra

Kwiziq community member

12 November 2017

1 reply

Is there a rule for determining if it's masculine or feminine

Inma

Kwiziq language super star

12 November 2017

12/11/17

Hola Sandra, If you mean a rule to determine the gender of the nouns that are modified by este, esta, estos, estas, I am afraid not. There is a general rule: nouns ending in -o are masculine and ending in -a are feminine but there are other endings like -e or -some consonants that could be masculine or feminine.

John

Kwiziq community member

4 November 2017

3 replies

When would you use "este" instead of "esto" since they are both masculine and singular?

Inma

Kwiziq language super star

4 November 2017

4/11/17

Hola John, ¡buena pregunta!
We use "este" to say "this" followed by a masculine singular noun, e.g´"Este hombre es muy alto" (This man is very tall). However "esto" is not followed by a noun, it refers to an "idea" or "situation" which has been mentioned before or it is obvious by the context. One simple sentence with "Esto" would be "Esto es terrible" (="This is terrible"). Imagine for example that you are stuck in traffic, or are witnessing something awful, then "Esto" would be referring to that specific situation. I hope it clarified your doubt.

Inma

Kwiziq language super star

4 November 2017

4/11/17

A separate lesson about "Esto" will be soon released, where it is tested separately because we understand it can be a bit confusing.

Laura

Kwiziq language super star

6 November 2017

6/11/17

Hola John -

In other words, este is a demonstrative adjective (modifies a noun) while esto is a demonstrative pronoun (replaces a noun). :-)

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