Using este, esta, estos, estas to say this/these (demonstrative adjectives)

To express this/these + [noun] in Spanish, you use the following demonstrative adjectives: este, esta, estos, estas + [noun].
Like in English (this), you use these to talk about something or someone that is close to the speaker. 

Have a look at these examples:

Esta casa es azul.
This house is blue.

Este camión es muy grande.
This truck is very big.

Estas niñas son mis vecinas.
These girls are my neighbors.

Estos libros son caros.
These books are expensive.

Yo tengo este libro.
I have this book.

Este espejo es grande.
This mirror is big.

Esta tortilla es sabrosa.
This omelette is tasty.

Nosotros tenemos esta moneda.
We have this coin.

They agree in gender and number with the noun they refer to, as follows:

  Masculine

Feminine

Singular (this)

este

esta

Plural (these)

estos

estas

 

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Estas niñas son mis vecinas.
These girls are my neighbors.


Nosotros tenemos esta moneda.
We have this coin.


Este camión es muy grande.
This truck is very big.


Este espejo es grande.
This mirror is big.


Esta casa es azul.
This house is blue.


Yo tengo este libro.
I have this book.


Estos libros son caros.
These books are expensive.


Esta tortilla es sabrosa.
This omelette is tasty.


Q&A Forum 4 questions, 8 answers

RE: Your comment below: A separate lesson about "Esto" will be soon released, where it is tested separately because we understand it can be a bit conf

Hi,

Re: Your comment to John below:

"A separate lesson about "Esto" will be soon released, where it is tested separately because we understand it can be a bit confusing."

I did a quick search for this lesson, but without a title didn't find it, I was wondering if it was made and if so, how to find it.  Thank you. Nicole

Asked 1 month ago
InmaKwiziq language super star

Hola Nicole

Yes, we did this other lesson separately to explain how these are used as pronouns, not adjectives, including the neutral "esto". We've now linked these two lessons.

Un saludo

Inma

Thank you!

RE: Your comment below: A separate lesson about "Esto" will be soon released, where it is tested separately because we understand it can be a bit conf

Hi,

Re: Your comment to John below:

"A separate lesson about "Esto" will be soon released, where it is tested separately because we understand it can be a bit confusing."

I did a quick search for this lesson, but without a title didn't find it, I was wondering if it was made and if so, how to find it.  Thank you. Nicole

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How do you know when to use este/esta/estos/estas OR las/los? For example, would you say "ESTAS sillas están ocupadas" or "LAS sillas están ocupadas"?

Asked 4 months ago
InmaKwiziq language super star

Hola Celia

They mean different things, the same way they do in English. 

Estas is more specific, "These chairs" =Estas sillas

Las is more general, "The chairs" = Las sillas

If you say "estas" you are referring to some specific chairs and you are probably pointing at them in front of you. If you say "las" you are either referring to chairs in general, or your listener knows which chairs you are referring to without being specific as they are the only chairs in the room, for example, so you would use "las".

Hope this clarifies it.

Inma

How do you know when to use este/esta/estos/estas OR las/los? For example, would you say "ESTAS sillas están ocupadas" or "LAS sillas están ocupadas"?

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Is there a rule for determining if it's masculine or feminine

Asked 1 year ago
InmaKwiziq language super star
Hola Sandra, If you mean a rule to determine the gender of the nouns that are modified by este, esta, estos, estas, I am afraid not. There is a general rule: nouns ending in -o are masculine and ending in -a are feminine but there are other endings like -e or -some consonants that could be masculine or feminine.

Is there a rule for determining if it's masculine or feminine

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When would you use "este" instead of "esto" since they are both masculine and singular?

Asked 1 year ago
InmaKwiziq language super star
Hola John, ¡buena pregunta! We use "este" to say "this" followed by a masculine singular noun, e.g´"Este hombre es muy alto" (This man is very tall). However "esto" is not followed by a noun, it refers to an "idea" or "situation" which has been mentioned before or it is obvious by the context. One simple sentence with "Esto" would be "Esto es terrible" (="This is terrible"). Imagine for example that you are stuck in traffic, or are witnessing something awful, then "Esto" would be referring to that specific situation. I hope it clarified your doubt.
InmaKwiziq language super star
A separate lesson about "Esto" will be soon released, where it is tested separately because we understand it can be a bit confusing.
LauraKwiziq language super star
Hola John - In other words, este is a demonstrative adjective (modifies a noun) while esto is a demonstrative pronoun (replaces a noun). :-)
InmaKwiziq language super star

Hola John,

Here is the lesson explaining "esto". Sorry it took so long. 

Saludos,

Inma

When would you use "este" instead of "esto" since they are both masculine and singular?

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