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Using gustar to say you like something

In Spanish, to express like or dislike we use the verb gustar. 
It works differently to the way it is expressed in English.

Have a look and listen to this example:

Me gusta el chocolate.
I like chocolate.

Notice how in English it is a straightforward sentence:

Subject (I) + verb (like) + what is liked (chocolate)

In Spanish however the order is different.
If we translate it literally we would say:  Chocolate pleases me,  with chocolate being the subject of the sentence.

If what the person likes is plural, then you need to add an -n to the verb:

Me gustan los plátanos.
I like bananas.

 Have a look at these tables:

Me gusta (I like)                   +   [singular noun]     
Te gusta   (You like)             +   [singular noun]
Me gustan (I like)             +   [plural noun]
Te gustan (You like)       +   [plural noun]

Notice that in Spanish we use the definite articles with the thing/s that one likes, unless you are talking about a place or a person. 

Me gusta Barcelona.
I like Barcelona.

Te gustan las manzanas.
You like apples.

If you want to ask someone whether he/she likes something, just remember to add the question marks and change the intonation.
Have a look and listen to this example:

¿Te gusta la Navidad?
Do you like Christmas?

The answer can be positive or negative:

, me gusta la Navidad.
Yes, I like Christmas.

No, no me gusta la Navidad.
No, I do not like Christmas.

Notice how on the negative answer we have added a  no at the beginning of the sentence.

Here are other negative answers as examples:

No, no me gusta la paella.
No, I do not like paella.

No me gustan las verduras.
I do not like vegetables.

No te gusta la profesora de historia.
You do not like the History teacher.

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

¿Te gusta la Navidad?
Do you like Christmas?


Te gustan las manzanas.
You like apples.


Me gustan los plátanos.
I like bananas.


No, no me gusta la Navidad.
No, I do not like Christmas.


Me gusta Barcelona.
I like Barcelona.


Te gusta la casa.
You like the house.


No te gusta la profesora de historia.
You do not like the History teacher.


No me gustan los churros.
I do not like churros.


Me gusta el chocolate.
I like chocolate.


No me gustan las verduras.
I do not like vegetables.


No te gusta la casa.
You do not like the house.


, me gusta la Navidad.
Yes, I like Christmas.


No, no me gusta la paella.
No, I do not like paella.


¿Te gusta el té?
Do you like tea?


Q&A

Gary

Kwiziq community member

18 March 2018

2 replies

Maths? Not math?

Andy

Kwiziq community member

23 March 2018

23/03/18

That's British English (Maths) compared with American English (Math)

Gary

Kwiziq community member

28 March 2018

28/03/18

Thank you!

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