Forming regular masculine and feminine nouns (singular and plural)

Regular nouns in Spanish follow this rule to form the singular:

ending -o for masculine 
ending -a for feminine
Have a look and listen to these examples:

Me gusta el piso de María.
I like María's flat.

Quiero una casa en el centro de Madrid.
I want a house in the centre of Madrid.

Regular nouns form their plural by adding an -s to their singular form:

Me gustan los pisos de María.
I like María's flats.

Quiero dos casas en el centro de Madrid.
I want two houses in the centre of Madrid.

Here are more examples:

Mi padre va a pintar un cuadro.
My dad is going to paint a picture.

Pongo la comida en el horno para calentar.
I'm putting the food in the oven to heat it up.

La abuela viene hoy a comer.
Grandma is coming for lunch today.

Tenemos una pizarra interactiva en mi clase.
We have an interactive board in class.

Mis amigos Rafa y Luis viven en Granada.
My (male) friends Rafa and Luis live in Granada.

Mis amigas Lola y Sandra viven en Alicante.
My (female) friends Lola and Sandra live in Alicante.

Remember that the articles and adjectives that accompany the nouns must agree in number and gender.

To learn about regular ending adjectives see also:

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Me gustan los pisos de María.
I like María's flats.


Tenemos una pizarra interactiva en mi clase.
We have an interactive board in class.


Pongo la comida en el horno para calentar.
I'm putting the food in the oven to heat it up.


Mi padre va a pintar un cuadro.
My dad is going to paint a picture.


Quiero dos casas en el centro de Madrid.
I want two houses in the centre of Madrid.


Me gusta el piso de María.
I like María's flat.


La abuela viene hoy a comer.
Grandma is coming for lunch today.


Mis amigas Lola y Sandra viven en Alicante.
My (female) friends Lola and Sandra live in Alicante.


Quiero una casa en el centro de Madrid.
I want a house in the centre of Madrid.


Mis amigos Rafa y Luis viven en Granada.
My (male) friends Rafa and Luis live in Granada.


Q&A

William

Kwiziq community member

6 February 2018

2 replies

Omission of plural definite article

I notice that the translation of "I never go to rock concerts" omits the plural definite article. This seems unusual for Spanish. Is there a specific reason?

Inma

Kwiziq language super star

6 February 2018

6/02/18

Hola William


In this sentence "I never go to rock concerts", "rock concerts" is something generic, therefore there is a tendency to omit the definite article "los". Similar sentences with absence of article would be for example: 


"Pedro nunca come verduras" (Pedro never eats vegetables)


"Yo leo libros de aventuras" (I read adventure books)


However I would use the articles if I wanted to be more specific:


"Pedro nunca come las verduras que su madre cocina" (Pedro never eats the vegs that his mum cooks.)


"Estoy leyendo los libros de aventuras que me prestaste" (I am reading the adventure books that you lent me.)


I hope this clarified your doubt.


Inma

William

Kwiziq community member

7 February 2018

7/02/18

Yes it does, it doesn't appear to be much different from English general statements with plural nouns. I don't like football agents. Carrots are supposed to be good for you.  Thank you
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