Using hay, está, or an impersonal verb to talk about the weather

Note that this is a Europe focused lesson. Your active focus is Latin America.

In Spanish, one of the impersonal expressions we use to talk about the weather is hay:

Hoy hay tormenta.There is a storm today.

Hay relámpagos.There is lightning.

Hay truenos.There is thunder.

Hay niebla.It is foggy.

There are some other phrases which use está:

El cielo está despejado.There are clear skies.

Está soleado.It is sunny.

Bear in mind that hay will be followed by a noun (a noun in Spanish), while está will be followed by an adjective (an adjective in Spanish)

Hay truenos (truenos thunder [noun])

Está soleado (soleadosunny [adjective])

There are also phrases which can use either está or an impersonal verb:

Está lloviendo.It is raining.

Llueve.It is raining.

Está nevando.It is snowing.

Nieva.It is snowing.

For other expressions to talk about the weather see also:

Using hace to talk about the weather

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Examples and resources

Está nevando.It is snowing.
Hay relámpagos.There is lightning.
El cielo está despejado.There are clear skies.
Está lloviendo.It is raining.
Hoy hay tormenta.There is a storm today.
Está soleado.It is sunny.
Hay niebla.It is foggy.
Nieva.It is snowing.
Está nublado.It is cloudy.
Llueve.It is raining.
Hay truenos.There is thunder.
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