Note that this is a Europe focused lesson. Your active focus is Latin America.
Talking about the weather in Spanish
In Spanish, one of the impersonal expressions we use to talk about the weather is hay:
Hoy hay tormenta.There is a storm today.
Hay relámpagos.There is lightning.
Hay truenos.There is thunder.
There are some other phrases which use está:
El cielo está despejado.There are clear skies.
Está soleado.It is sunny.
Bear in mind that hay will be followed by a noun (a noun in Spanish), while está will be followed by an adjective (an adjective in Spanish)
Hay truenos (truenos = thunder [noun])
Está soleado (soleado = sunny [adjective])
There are also phrases which can use either está or an impersonal verb:
Está lloviendo.It is raining.
Está nevando.It is snowing.
For other expressions to talk about the weather see also:
Using hace to talk about the weather in Spanish
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