Using hay, está, or an impersonal verb to talk about the weather

In Spanish, one of the impersonal expressions we use to talk about the weather is hay:

Hoy hay tormenta.
There is a storm today.

Hay relámpagos.
There is lightning.

Hay truenos.
There is thunder.

Hay niebla.
It is foggy.

There are some other phrases which use está:

El cielo está despejado.
There are clear skies.

Está soleado.
It is sunny.

Bear in mind that hay will be followed by a noun, while está will be followed by an adjective.

Hay truenos (truenos thunder [noun])

Está soleado (soleadosunny [adjective])

There are also phrases which can use either está or use an impersonal verb:

Está lloviendo.
It is raining.

Llueve.
It is raining.

Está nevando.
It is snowing.

Nieva.
It is snowing.

For other expressions to talk about the weather see also:

Using hace to talk about the weather

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

El cielo está despejado.
There are clear skies.


Está lloviendo.
It is raining.


Hoy hay tormenta.
There is a storm today.


Está soleado.
It is sunny.


Hay niebla.
It is foggy.


Nieva.
It is snowing.


Está nublado.
It is cloudy.


Llueve.
It is raining.


Hay truenos.
There is thunder.


Está nevando.
It is snowing.


Hay relámpagos.
There is lightning.


Q&A

Celia

Kwiziq community member

30 March 2019

1 reply

For “Hoy hay tormenta”, why is not “Hoy hay una tormenta”?

Inma

Kwiziq language super star

1 April 2019

1/04/19

Hola Celia

We tend to not use the articles when talking about the weather in this sort of sentences. However if we were to be a bit more specific we would use the article, for example:

"Hay una tormenta terrible en el norte de España"

 (There is a terrible storm in the north of Spain)

I hope this helps,

Saludos

Inma

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