Using prepositions a, para, por, de, en, sin, hacia followed by a pronoun

In Spanish all prepositions can be followed by a pronoun in order to express to me, for me, about you, in him, without us, towards them, etc. Let's look at some examples.

With preposition a

Los profesores me han dado un certificado a mí.
The teachers have given a certificate to me.

¿A ti te afecta la crisis?
Does the crisis affect you?

Le hemos explicado a ella el problema.
We have explained the problem to her.

Notice how when preposition "a" is used with a pronoun, it is reinforcing the other indirect pronoun also present in the sentence. For example:

Le dieron un regalo. Le dieron un regalo a ella.
They gave her a present. They gave her a present (to her).

With preposition por and para 

Antonio lo ha hecho por mí.
Antonio has done it for me.

Para ti es muy facil todo.
For you everything is easy.

Ellos se preocupan mucho por nosotros.
They worry a lot about us.

Para vosotras todo esto es una broma.
For you [plural] all this is a joke.

 With preposition de

Las chicas están hablando de mí.
The girls are talking about me.

Gracias, hemos aprendido mucho de ti.
Thank you, we've learnt a lot from you.

Es un honor, viniendo de usted.
It is an honour, coming from you [formal].

 With preposition en 

¿Tú crees en mí?
Do you believe in me?

Confiamos en ti para el éxito del proyecto.
We have confidence in you for the sucess of the project.

Tenemos dos hijos y nos concentramos mucho en ellos.
We have two sons and we focus a lot on them.

 With preposition sin

¡Fuisteis a la fiesta sin mí!
You went to the party without me!

No sé qué hacer sin ti.
I don't know what to do without you.

Sin ellas no podemos continuar la clase.
Without them we cannot continue with the class.

 With preposition hacia 

Hay un gato negro que camina hacia mí.
There is a black cat that is walking towards me.

El viento fuerte sopla hacia ti y es dificil caminar.
The strong wind is blowing towards you and it is difficult to walk.

El policía fue hacia él y lo arrestó.
The policeman went towards him and arrested him.

 

Notice how the first two pronouns (me, you) are: mí, tiThe rest of the forms are the same as the subject pronouns (él, ella, usted, nosotros, nosotras, vosotros, vosotras, ellos, ellas, ustedes).

Also remember:
has a written accent [´] while ti does not.

See also Using preposition con followed by a pronoun to say with me, you, him, her, us, you (plural), them.

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Gracias, hemos aprendido mucho de ti.
Thank you, we've learnt a lot from you.


El viento fuerte sopla hacia ti y es dificil caminar.
The strong wind is blowing towards you and it is difficult to walk.


Antonio lo ha hecho por mí.
Antonio has done it for me.


El policía fue hacia él y lo arrestó.
The policeman went towards him and arrested him.


Tenemos dos hijos y nos concentramos mucho en ellos.
We have two sons and we focus a lot on them.


Las chicas están hablando de mí.
The girls are talking about me.


Hay un gato negro que camina hacia mí.
There is a black cat that is walking towards me.


Le hemos explicado a ella el problema.
We have explained the problem to her.


Confiamos en ti para el éxito del proyecto.
We have confidence in you for the sucess of the project.


Para vosotras todo esto es una broma.
For you [plural] all this is a joke.


Sin ellas no podemos continuar la clase.
Without them we cannot continue with the class.


Los profesores me han dado un certificado a mí.
The teachers have given a certificate to me.


¿Tú crees en mí?
Do you believe in me?


Ellos se preocupan mucho por nosotros.
They worry a lot about us.


No sé qué hacer sin ti.
I don't know what to do without you.


Es un honor, viniendo de usted.
It is an honour, coming from you [formal].


Para ti es muy facil todo.
For you everything is easy.


¿A ti te afecta la crisis?
Does the crisis affect you?


¡Fuisteis a la fiesta sin mí!
You went to the party without me!


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