Si [if] followed by present indicative + main clause (present tense/future tense)

To express the possibility of something happening in the future depending on a condition that has a high probability of being met, we use these structures with the conjunction si (if):

Si (if) +present tense, ... present tense

Si (if) +present tense, ... simple future tense

Using the present or future tense in the main clause does not change the meaning of the sentence.

Have a look and listen to these examples:

Si me concentro, termino el trabajo pronto.If I concentrate, I (will) finish the job soon.

Si me concentro, terminaré el trabajo pronto.If I concentrate, I will finish the job soon.

Si Amalia va al mercado, compra pescado fresco.If Amalia goes to the market, she will buy fresh fish.

Si Amalia va al mercado, comprará pescado fresco.If Amalia goes to the market, she will buy fresh fish.

Also bear in mind that the order can also be altered: the main clause can come before the condition clause without changing the meaning:

Yo hablaré con tu profesor si tenemos dudas.I will speak to your teacher if we have any doubts.

¿Me das tu muñeca si te cansas de ella?Will you give me your dolly if you get bored of her?

The use of deber/tener que in El Condicional:

Sometimes, we combine si + El presentedeber/tener que in El Condicional. See some examples:

Si te gustan esos pendientes, deberías comprarlos.If you like those earrings, you should buy them.

Si ellos son los responsables, deberían pagar.If they are responsible, they should pay.

Si quieres este trabajo, tendrías que llevar este uniforme todos los días.If you want this job, you'd have to wear this uniform everyday.

Si cambian la fecha del examen, tendrían que avisar con tiempo.If they change the date of the exam, they'd have to warn [us] in time.

 

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Examples and resources

Si te gustan esos pendientes, deberías comprarlos.If you like those earrings, you should buy them.
Si Amalia va al mercado, compra pescado fresco.If Amalia goes to the market, she will buy fresh fish.
Si ellos son los responsables, deberían pagar.If they are responsible, they should pay.
Si me concentro, terminaré el trabajo pronto.If I concentrate, I will finish the job soon.
Si Amalia va al mercado, comprará pescado fresco.If Amalia goes to the market, she will buy fresh fish.
Si me concentro, termino el trabajo pronto.If I concentrate, I (will) finish the job soon.
Si cambian la fecha del examen, tendrían que avisar con tiempo.If they change the date of the exam, they'd have to warn [us] in time.
Yo hablaré con tu profesor si tenemos dudas.I will speak to your teacher if we have any doubts.
Si quieres este trabajo, tendrías que llevar este uniforme todos los días.If you want this job, you'd have to wear this uniform everyday.
¿Me das tu muñeca si te cansas de ella?Will you give me your dolly if you get bored of her?
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