There are specific cases when the conjunction y (meaning and) becomes e.
- When the word that follows y starts with i-.
Marcos e Inma llegaron ayer por la tarde.Marcos and Inma arrived yesterday afternoon.
Vimos muchos museos e iglesias en Roma.We saw lots of museums and churches in Rome.
- When the word that follows y starts with hi-.
Remember that the letter h is not pronounced in Spanish.
Padres e hijos son bienvenidos a nuestro club.Parents and children are welcome in our club.
Necesitas aguja e hilo para coser ese vestido.You need needle and thread to mend that dress.
If the word following y starts with "hie-", which makes the whole syllable sound more like the consonant "y-", then the conjunction y does not become e. For example:
Las legumbres aportan proteínas y hierro a nuestro cuerpo.Pulses provide proteins and iron for our bodies.
Sounds like [yerro]
Debes añadir limón y hielo a ese cóctel.You must add lemon and ice to that cocktail.
Sounds like [yelo]
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