Using ese, esa, esos, esas to say that/those (demonstrative adjectives)

To express that/those + [noun] in Spanish, you use the following demonstrative adjectives:  ese, esa, esos, esas + [noun].

Like in English (that), you use these to talk about something or someone that is close to the listener, not the speaker.

Have a look at these examples:

Ese perro ladra mucho.
That dog barks a lot.

Esa niña baila flamenco.
That girl is dancing flamenco.

Esos perros ladran mucho.
Those dogs bark a lot.

Esas niñas bailan flamenco.
Those girls are dancing flamenco.

They agree in gender and number with the noun they refer to, as follows:

  Masculine

Feminine

Singular (that)

ese

esa

Plural (those)

esos

esas

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Esos perros ladran mucho.
Those dogs bark a lot.


Esas niñas bailan flamenco.
Those girls are dancing flamenco.


Esa niña baila flamenco.
That girl is dancing flamenco.


Ese perro ladra mucho.
That dog barks a lot.


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