Ser vs Estar in Spanish: essential characteristics
When we want to describe a permanent/essential characteristic of something or someone we use the verb ser (not estar).
España es un país europeo.Spain is a European country.
Read and listen to other examples with the verb ser
¿Tú eres alta?Are you tall?
In the examples above, we use ser to talk about physical descriptions.
Antonio es un chico muy trabajador.Antonio is a very hard-working guy.
Nosotras somos estudiosas.We are studious.
Vosotros dos no sois sensatos.You two are not sensible.
¡Mis hermanos son fantásticos!My brothers are fantastic!
In the examples above, we use ser to talk about the character/personality.
See also Conjugate ser in the present tense in Spanish (El Presente)
Want to make sure your Spanish sounds confident?
We’ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your
gaps and mistakes. Start your Braimap today »