Cardinal points are masculine

Cardinal points in Spanish are always masculine.

El sur = south

El norte = north

El este = east

El oestewest

El sureste/sudeste south-east

El suroeste/sudoeste south-west

El noreste/nordeste = north-east

El noroeste = north-west

Note that "nordoeste" does not exist.

Read and listen to these examples:

Vivo en el norte de España.
I live in the north of Spain.

Sandra vive en el nordeste de Madrid.
Sandra lives in the north-east of Madrid.

Lucía vive en el noreste de Salamanca.
Lucía lives in the north-east of Salamanca.

Nosotros estamos en el este de Cuba.
We are in eastern Cuba.

Paula y Marcos viven en el sudeste de Argentina.
Paula and Marcos live in the south-east of Argentina.

Yo vivo en el sureste de Granada.
I live in the south-east of Granada.

Ana va a ir al sur de Francia.
Ana is going to go to southern France.

Yo estoy en el suroeste de Japón.
I am in south-west Japan.

Estoy en el sudoeste de Perú.
I am in south-west Peru.

Vosotros vivís en el oeste de Estados Unidos.
You live in the west of the USA.

Usted va a visitar el noroeste de Italia.
You are going to visit the north-west of Italy.

See also Género and Género masculino.

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Ana va a ir al sur de Francia.
Ana is going to go to southern France.


Sandra vive en el nordeste de Madrid.
Sandra lives in the north-east of Madrid.


Yo estoy en el suroeste de Japón.
I am in south-west Japan.


Yo vivo en el sureste de Granada.
I live in the south-east of Granada.


Vivo en el norte de España.
I live in the north of Spain.


Estoy en el sudoeste de Perú.
I am in south-west Peru.


Usted va a visitar el noroeste de Italia.
You are going to visit the north-west of Italy.


Nosotros estamos en el este de Cuba.
We are in eastern Cuba.


Vosotros vivís en el oeste de Estados Unidos.
You live in the west of the USA.


Lucía vive en el noreste de Salamanca.
Lucía lives in the north-east of Salamanca.


Paula y Marcos viven en el sudeste de Argentina.
Paula and Marcos live in the south-east of Argentina.


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