We use El Pretérito Indefinido for completed actions in the past.
It can refer to a single action or actions that happened more than once.
The example above shows a single action that takes place in the past.
The example above shows an action that took place several times in the past.
But in both examples the actions are completed. They are no longer taking place.
There are some time phrases that will generally trigger the use of El Pretérito Indefinido
Here are some:
- El año pasado
- El otro día
- El mes pasado
- Hace 3 días
- El verano pasado
Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics
Examples and resources
Q&A Forum 1 question, 1 answer
Hace cinco años tú ________ en Italia.
You are right. Vivías could also be correct here if you consider it an ongoing action. We will add a hint so it is clear we refer to a completed action in the past, to avoid confusion.