Learn how to refer to people /things with el/la/los/las de in Spanish
In Spanish, when someone wants to clarify what/who he/she is referring to, you can use:
Have a look and listen to the following examples:
Notice how in the examples above:
- They can refer to things or people.
- The singular definite articles (el/la) are used to refer to one thing/person, and agree in gender.
- The plural definite articles (los/las) are used to refer to more than one thing/people and agree in gender.
- There is no need to add any preposition after "de".
El de/la de/los de/las de can be followed by adjectives, articles + nouns, and adverbs.
Me gusta la de rojo. (adjective)
I like the one in red.
Voy a comprar el de la tienda pequeña. (article + noun)
I am going to buy the one in the small shop.
Los de mañana serán más frescos. (adverb)
Tomorrow's (ones) will be fresher.
Remember that if el de/la de/los de/las de are followed by masculine article "el", then de + el become "del". For example:
-¿Qué restaurante prefieres? -Yo prefiero el del hotel.
-Which restaurant do you prefer? -I prefer the one in the hotel.
See also Using lo de que / lo de to refer to something already mentioned
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