Asking questions with prepositions + qué

When we ask questions in Spanish using verbs that use prepositions we need to place the preposition at the beginning of the question. This is different to English, which places the prepostion at the end. Lots of these questions use the interrogative "qué". Here are some examples:

¿Para qué me has llamado? What did you call me for

¿En qué ciudad estás?Which city are you in?

¿Sobre qué querías hablar conmigo? What did you want to talk about with me?

No te entiendo... ¿a qué te refieres?I don't understand... what are you referring to?

-¿Con qué lo has hecho? -Lo he hecho con plastilina.What did you make it with? -I made it with play-dough.

Notice how the preposition is always placed right in the beginning, before "qué" in Spanish, while in English the preposition is sent to the end after the verb. 

  • In Spanish: ¿Prepostion + qué + verb?
  • In English:  What + verb + preposition?

This would be incorrect in Spanish:

¿Qué estás ahorrando dinero para?
What are you saving money for?

See also Asking questions about people with preposition + quién

 

Want to make sure your Spanish sounds confident? We’ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your gaps and mistakes. Start your Braimap today »

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

¿En qué ciudad estás?Which city are you in?
¿Para qué me has llamado? What did you call me for
-¿Con qué lo has hecho? -Lo he hecho con plastilina.What did you make it with? -I made it with play-dough.
No te entiendo... ¿a qué te refieres?I don't understand... what are you referring to?
¿Sobre qué querías hablar conmigo? What did you want to talk about with me?
Thinking...