Forming the singular of masculine and feminine adjectives ending in -z and -l

Most Spanish adjectives that end in -z  and -l remain unchanged for the feminine singular.

Have a look and listen to these examples:

Antonio es un marido fiel.
Antonio is a faithful husband.

Cristina es una esposa fiel.
Cristina is a faithful wife.

Mi hijo es feliz.
My son is happy.

Mi hija es feliz.
My daughter is happy.

Notice how the form doesn't change when refering to a masculine noun or a feminine noun.

Be careful! There are two exceptions to this rule which are:

  1. The adjective "andaluz" (Andalusian)
    El chico andaluz. (The Andalusian boy)
    La chica andaluza. (The Andalusian girl )
  2. The adjective "español" ( Spanish)
    El chico español. (The Spanish boy)
    La chica española. (The Spanish girl)

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Antonio es un marido fiel.
Antonio is a faithful husband.


Mi hija es feliz.
My daughter is happy.


Mi hijo es feliz.
My son is happy.


Cristina es una esposa fiel.
Cristina is a faithful wife.


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