Expressing obligation with tener que

We express obligation when talking about things we have to do. Look at these examples:

Tengo que ir al colegio.
I have to go to school.

Tienes que comer sano.
You have to eat healthily.

Tiene que salir ahora.
He has to leave now.

Tenemos que salir todos los días.
We have to go out  every day.

Tenéis que hacer la compra.
You have to do the shopping.

Tienen que llegar a tiempo.
They have to arrive on time.

Note that when you use tener que + infinitivo it means to have to + infinitive.

You cannot omit que!

 

Examples and resources

Tiene que salir ahora.
He has to leave now.


Tenemos que salir todos los días.
We have to go out  every day.


Tengo que ir al colegio.
I have to go to school.


Tienes que comer sano.
You have to eat healthily.


Tienen que llegar a tiempo.
They have to arrive on time.


Tenéis que hacer la compra.
You have to do the shopping.


Q&A

Alexander

Kwiziq community member

27 September 2018

2 replies

Lack of necessity a postetiori

Hola))

What is a Spanish equivalent for needn't have (done)? 

Inma

Kwiziq language super star

28 September 2018

28/09/18

Hi Alexander,

Could you give me a bit of context so I can be more accurate in my reply please?

Inma

Alexander

Kwiziq community member

28 September 2018

28/09/18

Hola Inma!

didn't need to (infinitive) & needn't have (past participle) are used to express the lack of necessity in the past, however

didn't need implies that the speaker didn't do something because he/she new that it was not necessary

needn't have means the speaker did something and then he/she knew that it had not been necessary

for example:

I didn't need to have an interview because I had worked there before

I needn't have cooked dinner. Just as it was ready, Chris and June phoned to say that they couldn't come to eat

(examples are taken from Advanced Grammar in Use by Martin Hewings)

How can I express it in Spanish?

Regards,

Alexander

Else

Kwiziq community member

5 November 2017

1 reply

what's the difference between 'Tienes que comer sano'. and 'Il faut comer sano.'

Gene

Kwiziq community member

5 November 2017

5/11/17

Do you mean, "hace falta comer" or "il faut s'alimenter"? The difference is between obligation and necessity (or a want of something). https://www.thoughtco.com/expressing-obligation-spanish-3079893 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vKFTh4tly38 There are instances where there is no difference in meaning: tenemos que ir rápido hace falta ir rápido

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