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Using que to express cause

One way to express cause, in much the same way as porque, in an explicative subordinate clause is by introducing the clause with que.

Have a look and listen to the following examples:

Me voy al supermercado, que tengo que comprar.
I'm going to the supermarket because I have to shop.

Vosotros vais a estudiar, que tenéis que aprender muchas cosas.
You are going to study as you have lots to learn.

Vinisteis juntos a Madrid, que teníais una reunión de negocios.
You came together to Madrid because you had a business meeting.

No he venido a trabajar hoy, que estoy enfermo.
I didn't go to work today as I feel sick.

Notice how this que does not have an accent despite being in the beginning of the sentence. It is not a question word but a conjunction!

Let's look at the following example to understand how que works to express cause:

Voy a hablar con la profesora, que no entiendo nada.

We could easily have said the same with porque:

Voy a hablar con la profesora porque no entiendo nada.
I am going to talk to the teacher because I don't understand anything.

See also Conjunción.

 

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Me voy al supermercado, que tengo que comprar.
I'm going to the supermarket because I have to shop.


No he venido a trabajar hoy, que estoy enfermo.
I didn't go to work today as I feel sick.


Vinisteis juntos a Madrid, que teníais una reunión de negocios.
You came together to Madrid because you had a business meeting.


Vosotros vais a estudiar, que tenéis que aprender muchas cosas.
You are going to study as you have lots to learn.


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