Using que to express cause

One way to express cause, in much the same way as porque, in an explicative subordinate clause is by introducing the clause with que.

Have a look and listen to the following examples:

Me voy al supermercado, que tengo que comprar.
I'm going to the supermarket because I have to shop.

Vosotros vais a estudiar, que tenéis que aprender muchas cosas.
You are going to study as you have lots to learn.

Vinisteis juntos a Madrid, que teníais una reunión de negocios.
You came together to Madrid because you had a business meeting.

No he venido a trabajar hoy, que estoy enfermo.
I didn't go to work today as I feel sick.

Notice how this que does not have an accent despite being in the beginning of the sentence. It is not a question word but a conjunction!

Let's look at the following example to understand how que works to express cause:

Voy a hablar con la profesora, que no entiendo nada.

We could easily have said the same with porque:

Voy a hablar con la profesora porque no entiendo nada.
I am going to talk to the teacher because I don't understand anything.

See also Conjunción.

 

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Vosotros vais a estudiar, que tenéis que aprender muchas cosas.
You are going to study as you have lots to learn.


Me voy al supermercado, que tengo que comprar.
I'm going to the supermarket because I have to shop.


No he venido a trabajar hoy, que estoy enfermo.
I didn't go to work today as I feel sick.


Vinisteis juntos a Madrid, que teníais una reunión de negocios.
You came together to Madrid because you had a business meeting.


Q&A

Alan

Kwiziq community member

20 June 2018

1 reply

"Que" en lugar de "porque"

Do Spaniards use this because it's quicker and 'neater' to say? So that they can get their meaning across even more rapidly!!

Inma

Kwiziq language super star

20 June 2018

20/06/18

Hola Alan,

That is a good question! To be honest, I don't think that is the reason. It is simply one of the many uses of "que" in Spanish. You could also use "como" with the same function (=porque). See this example: "Como ha ganado mucho dinero, va a comprarse un coche nuevo" (Because he won a lot of money, he is buying a new car.) 

Un saludo

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