Using El Futuro Perfecto to talk about completed actions in the future with reference to another future action (future perfect)

We use El Futuro Perfecto to make an assumption about an action that will have finished in relation to another future action. We need to include a future time phrase so that this is evident.

Have a look at this example:
Son las 2. Para las 4 habré terminado mis deberes.It is 2 o'clock. By 4 I will have finished my homework.

We can see a future reference (by 4) and then a completed action that will have happened before/by that timeframe. That completed action is expressed with El Futuro Perfecto.

Sometimes the future reference is expressed in an earlier sentence about an action that ocurrs before the action expressed with El Futuro Perfecto, for example:

Yo comeré a las dos pero tú habrás comido a la una.I will eat at two but you will have eaten at one.

Cristina se preparará para la boda y yo la habré ayudado a vestirse.Cristina will get ready for the wedding and I will have helped her get dressed.

Here are other examples:

Antes de empezar la clase, ella habrá colgado los dibujos de los niños en la pared.Before she starts the class, she will have hung the children's drawings on the wall.

Cuando llegue Luis ya habremos comido todos.When Luis arrives we will all have eaten.

Mi jefe llamará a mediodía y yo le habré informado de las novedades.My boss will ring at midday and I will have informed him about the news.

It is very common to find time phrases of this type when using El Futuro Perfecto:

Para mañana, ... 

Cuando + present subjunctive, ... 

Para entonces, ...

A las diez, ...

See also:

Conjugate regular verbs in El Futuro Perfecto (future perfect)

Conjugate irregular verbs in El Futuro Perfecto 

Using El Futuro Perfecto to talk about the past (future perfect) 

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Antes de empezar la clase, ella habrá colgado los dibujos de los niños en la pared.Before she starts the class, she will have hung the children's drawings on the wall.
Son las 2. Para las 4 habré terminado mis deberes.It is 2 o'clock. By 4 I will have finished my homework.
Cuando llegue Luis ya habremos comido todos.When Luis arrives we will all have eaten.
Mi jefe llamará a mediodía y yo le habré informado de las novedades.My boss will ring at midday and I will have informed him about the news.
Cristina se preparará para la boda y yo la habré ayudado a vestirse.Cristina will get ready for the wedding and I will have helped her get dressed.
Yo comeré a las dos pero tú habrás comido a la una.I will eat at two but you will have eaten at one.

Q&A Forum 1 question, 1 answer

IanC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

familiar/formal; singular/plural no hint

4A las doce de la noche, a los invitados. (At midnight, you will have said goodbye to the guests.) HINT: Use despedir for saying goodbye





There is no hint to indicate whether "you" i singular or plural , familiar or formal.   Therefore we can be marked down if our choice of one of four possible correct responses is not the same as your choice.  

Asked 3 weeks ago
InmaKwiziq team member

Hola Ian

I just added it to the hint to make clear we are referring to a singular informal you.

Gracias y saludos

Inma

familiar/formal; singular/plural no hint

4A las doce de la noche, a los invitados. (At midnight, you will have said goodbye to the guests.) HINT: Use despedir for saying goodbye





There is no hint to indicate whether "you" i singular or plural , familiar or formal.   Therefore we can be marked down if our choice of one of four possible correct responses is not the same as your choice.  

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