Position of pronouns with conjugated verbs

When there are direct object, indirect object and reflexive pronouns in a sentence with a conjugated verb, the position of the pronouns will always be in front of the verb structure.

Have a look and listen to the following examples:

Ellos nos han enviado una invitación.
They have sent us an invitation.

¿Me leerás un cuento esta noche?
Will you read me a story tonight?

Rosario lo compró en la farmacia.
Rosario bought it at the chemist.

Ellas se habían duchado antes de salir.
They had had a shower before going out.

Notice how the pronouns are always placed in front and not after the verb, unlike in English, for example:

Los compré en Madrid NOT Compré los en Madrid 
I bought them in Madrid.

 Remember that in sentences with more than one pronoun there is a specific order you must follow:

  • First the indirect object pronoun, then the direct object pronoun. 

This order must be respected in sentences with a conjugated verb. 

Ella se lo entregó enseguida.
She gave it to him straight away.

[se =indirect object] [lo =direct object]

To learn about how pronouns are positioned with conjugated verbs that contain a gerund, infinitive or a command see also Position of direct and indirect object pronouns with infinitive/gerund and affirmative commands.

 

 

Examples and resources

Ellos nos han enviado una invitación.
They have sent us an invitation.


¿Me leerás un cuento esta noche?
Will you read me a story tonight?


Ella se lo entregó enseguida.
She gave it to him straight away.


Ellas se habían duchado antes de salir.
They had had a shower before going out.


Rosario lo compró en la farmacia.
Rosario bought it at the chemist.


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