Antes de/Después de followed by haber + participle

To say "before/after doing something" we use:

Antes dedespués de +  Infinitivo (not gerund)

For example: "Leo antes de acostarme", "Después de cenar no tomo café." See Using antes de /después de [noun/infinitive] for before/after [something/doing something] to revise this.

If you want to express "before/after having done something", then you need El Infinitivo Compuesto.

Antes de/ Después de + El Infinitivo Compuesto (= haber + participle)

Important

Using haber + El Infinitivo Compuesto  emphasises the completion of the action of the main verb in the past. For example: "Antes de desayunar" does not emphasise the completion of the action of having breakfast: desayunar. Compare this to "Antes de haber desayunado". Here there is an emphasis on the action of having breakfast being completed: haber desayunado.)

Here are some examples:

Hizo su examen antes de haber repasado.
He did his exam before having revised.

Compré el primer vestido que había visto, después de haber mirado en varias tiendas.
I bought the first dress I had seen, after having looked in different shops.

Después de  haber quitado todas las malas hierbas del jardín, empecé a plantar.
After having cleared the garden of all the weeds, I set about planting.

Deberías haberme consultado antes de haber llamado a sus padres.
You should have consulted me before calling his parents. [lit: before having called]

Después de haberte ido tú, llegaron los demás.
After you had left, the others arrived. [lit: after having gone]

Notice how:

  • Sometimes pronouns are attached to "haber", e.g "haberte ido". Pronouns must always attached to haber, not the participle nor placed in front, nor in between the two. For example none of these constructions are possible: "Después de te haber ido."/"Después de haber te ido."/ Después de haber ido te."
  • The equivalent in English isn't always a literal translation, so you may find it is expressed differently in English. For example: "Después de haberte ido" = After you had left.

 

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Compré el primer vestido que había visto, después de haber mirado en varias tiendas.
I bought the first dress I had seen, after having looked in different shops.


Hizo su examen antes de haber repasado.
He did his exam before having revised.


Después de haberte ido tú, llegaron los demás.
After you had left, the others arrived. [lit: after having gone]


Deberías haberme consultado antes de haber llamado a sus padres.
You should have consulted me before calling his parents. [lit: before having called]


Después de  haber quitado todas las malas hierbas del jardín, empecé a plantar.
After having cleared the garden of all the weeds, I set about planting.


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