Using El Imperfecto Subjuntivo in hypothetical clauses introduced by si followed by El Condicional Simple

Here's a hypothetical situation in English:

If we won the lottery, we would buy a Ferrari.

If we were to win the lottery, we would buy a Ferrari.

Here you can see that if is followed by a verb in the Simple Past (won) or in the English subjunctive (were to win), while the second clause uses the Conditional Present (would buy).

Now look at the Spanish:

Si ganásemos  la lotería, compraríamos un Ferrari.

Here you see that in Spanish, si is followed by a verb in El Imperfecto Subjuntivo (ganásemos), while the second clause uses El Condicional Simple (compraríamos).

Here are more examples: 

Si ganásemos la lotería, compraríamos un Ferrari.
If we won the lottery, we would buy a Ferrari.

Si yo tuviera más dinero, iría de vacaciones a Cuba.
If I had more money, I would go on holiday to Cuba.

Si tú fueses más simpático, tendrías más amigos.
If you were nicer, you would have more friends.

Si ella viniera ahora, comeríamos en ese restaurante.
If she came now, we would eat in that restaurant.

Si nosotros estudiáramos para los exámenes, sacaríamos buenas notas.
If we studied for the exams, we would get good grades.

Si vosotros trabajaseis allí, ganaríais mucho dinero.
If you worked there, you would earn lot of money.

Si ellos vivieran más cerca, les visitaríamos cada semana.
If they lived closer, we would visit them every week.

To express hypotheses in Spanish:
use si followed by El Imperfecto Subjuntivo, then use El Condicional Simple in the second part of the sentence.

ATTENTION: 

You can never use El Modo Indicativo or any other past tenses in this context.

Examples and resources

Si ellos vivieran más cerca, les visitaríamos cada semana.
If they lived closer, we would visit them every week.


Si yo tuviera más dinero, iría de vacaciones a Cuba.
If I had more money, I would go on holiday to Cuba.


Si vosotros trabajaseis allí, ganaríais mucho dinero.
If you worked there, you would earn lot of money.


Si ella viniera ahora, comeríamos en ese restaurante.
If she came now, we would eat in that restaurant.


Si tú fueses más simpático, tendrías más amigos.
If you were nicer, you would have more friends.


Si ganásemos la lotería, compraríamos un Ferrari.
If we won the lottery, we would buy a Ferrari.


Si nosotros estudiáramos para los exámenes, sacaríamos buenas notas.
If we studied for the exams, we would get good grades.


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