Don't use un, una when giving people's professions (zero article)

We don't use the indefinite article un, una when talking about professions.

Read and listen to these examples:

Yo soy profesor.
I am a teacher.

eres peluquera.
You are a hairdresser.

Pablo es panadero.
Pablo is a baker.

Marina es jardinera.
Marina is a gardener.

Notice that we literally say:

Yo soy carnicera.
I am a butcher.

Also note that most of the time the job titles are different for men and women. Here is a list of ordinary professions.

However, if you are giving extra information adding a quality adjective, you always need article "un/una" in front:

Yo soy un mecánico bueno.
I am a good mechanic.

Elisa es una cocinera mala.
Elisa is a bad cook.

See also Artículo cero o ausencia de artículo and Artículo

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Artículo cero o ausencia de artículo

Examples and resources

Pablo es panadero.
Pablo is a baker.


Yo soy profesor.
I am a teacher.


Elisa es una cocinera mala.
Elisa is a bad cook.


Yo soy un mecánico bueno.
I am a good mechanic.


Marina es jardinera.
Marina is a gardener.


Yo soy carnicera.
I am a butcher.


eres peluquera.
You are a hairdresser.


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