Aunque, generally translated as although, even if, or despite of, can be used with the indicative and the subjunctive. Using one or the other will depend on what we want to express.
In this lesson we will study cases of:
Use aunque + El Presente
To declare something that what we know is happening. It is a fact. The speaker has absolutely no doubt that what he is saying is true. It also implies that the speaker considers this information as new for the listener. He wants to make sure the listener is aware.
Here the speaker is using the present indicative because he may have looked through the window and checked that it is actually raining. There is no doubt about it. In addition, he is informing the listener about this in case he didn't notice.
Use aunque + El Presente de Subjuntivo
1. To give some background information which is known by the speaker and the listener. It is a shared information.
Here the speaker and the listener know already that it is raining, maybe because they’ve just come from outside, or they are looking through the window and they can see the rain.
2. To refer to something that may/may not happen later, in the future.
Here the speaker doesn't know whether it will rain or not later but it may rain, maybe because he can see a grey sky and there is a possibility of rain later.
Bear in mind that sometimes it is difficult to know whether the speaker is using the subjunctive to convey a future idea or a shared information. Have a look again at this example:
Aunque esté nevando, voy a sacar al perro a pasear.
There are two possibilities here:
- the speaker is thinking that it may snow later (but despite that, he is taking the dog for a walk)
- the speaker and the listener both know that it is snowing at that moment of speaking (but despite that, he is taking the dog for a walk), so it is a background/shared information.
Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics
Examples and resources
Presente de Subjuntivo: The speaker has already shared this information with the listener
Presente de Subjuntivo: The speaker is referring to a possibility in the future
Presente: The speaker is declaring something that is true
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