Tense (tense+mood+aspect)

Technically speaking, the tense of a conjugated Spanish verb refers to the time of verb's action, i.e. present, past, or future.  However, almost everyone uses tense to mean time plus two extra features: "mood" and "aspect".

The full names for Spanish verb tenses include the mood and aspect and are therefore rather a mouthful, so people tend to use a short name that focuses on one or two elements. 

Note: People use many different short names for Spanish tenses which can get very confusing. Have a look at this page shows all the Spanish tense names and their English equivalents, with examples.

List of all Spanish Tenses