Pronombre indefinido

Spanish Indefinite Pronoun

Indefinite pronouns refer to people or things without saying exactly who or what they are. They are vague or "not definite" because they do not refer to any specific person, thing or amount. Because they are pronouns, they stand alone; they do not accompany a noun like indefinite adjectives do.

Nadie vino a la reunión.
Nobody came to the meeting

Alguien me llamó por teléfono.
Someone called me on the phone.

No hay nada en la nevera.
There is nothing on the fridge.

Spanish indefinite pronouns are:


These are variable indefinite pronouns that is to say must agree in number and gender with the nouns that they replace, so each of the pronombres indefinidos shown above will have different forms as you can notice in the following table:
Nadie nobody
Alguien someone
Quienquiera whoever
Quienesquiera whoever plural
Algo something
Nada nothing

 

Notice that nadie, alguien, quienquiera quienesquiera refers to a person. While nada and algo always refers to things.

And both of these categories are considered invariable indifinite pronouns, that is to say, they don't change to agree in gender or number with the noun that are substituying.

There are some indefinite adjetives that if there are not together in a sentences with a noun, can work as indefinite pronouns. For example:

Todos salieron pronto de trabajar
All left soon work.

No es esta calle es la otra.
Is not this street is the other.

Algún día sus sueños se haran realidad.  
Someday your dreams will come true.

Have a look at this table with all the cases:

Todo every/all
Otro other
Poco a bit/ few
Algún some/ any
 Ningún no ......
Mucho everyone/everybody

 

 

 Singular masculine Singular femenine Plural masculine Plural femenine
Todo Toda Todos Todas
Otro  Otra  Otros Otras
Poco Poca Pocos Pocas
Algún Alguna Algunos Algunas
Mucho Mucha Muchos Muchas

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