Espíritu navideño

Spanish online reading and listening practice - level A1

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This reading and listening exercise can help you practise El Presente and El Futuro Próximo and gender and number agreement. It is associated with the following studylists:

Text by Ana Matilla and audio by Inma Sánchez.

Exercise: Espíritu navideño

Listen to the audio, then read the transcript. Click any phrase for the translation and links to related grammar lessons which you can add to your Kwiziq notebook to practise later.

Q&A relating to this exercise 1 question, 2 answers

ShafaghA2Kwiziq community member

do masculine nouns ending in "u" have a feminine form?

In the reading exercise Espiritu Navideño, the woman is described as espíritu mágico de Navidad. How come, the ending is not changed to match the feminine "mujer"?

Asked 5 months ago
InmaKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hola Shafagh

Exactly as J said, (thanks J for your thorough explanation), espíritu is a noun (el espíritu - the spirit), so there is no feminine form, just masculine. The adjective "mágico/mágica" is modifying espíritu (not mujer), therefore the agreement is in the masculine form: "espíritu mágico".

Saludos

MonC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Adjectives change (agree) based on whether its *noun* is masculine or feminine. Sometimes, the subject of the sentence is also the noun of the adjective:

La mujer está mágica = The woman is magical

But sometimes, even if your subject of the sentence is feminine, you might have a noun attached to a noun that is masculine. El espíritu is a masculine noun, so:

La mujer tiene un espíritu mágico = The woman has a magical spirit.

El espíritu is a masculine noun, so its adjectives will always inflect in the masculine form. The gender of the subject of the sentence (la mujer) isn't relevant, so that's why it will never match "mujer" in this case. Hope this makes sense~

do masculine nouns ending in "u" have a feminine form?

In the reading exercise Espiritu Navideño, the woman is described as espíritu mágico de Navidad. How come, the ending is not changed to match the feminine "mujer"?

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