I read elsewhere that when quedar is used to express the idea of ending up in an emotional or physical state, it does not require reflexive pronoun. Is this accurate ? So if I have a scenario of 2 persons fighting and the one of them left a mark on the second and it left him standing still from the shock. Do we use ‘se queda inmóvil’ or ‘queda inmóvil’ ?
Quedar in that context of ending up in an emotional or physical state is sometimes re-enforced with the reflexive pronoun (I just added a little not to the lesson to allow for some flexibility there), so you can say:
Después del golpe quedó inmóvil.
Después del golpe se quedó inmóvil.
Sometimes the absense of the pronoun makes it sound a bit more formal than when we use the pronoun.
This meaning/context overlaps a bit with the other very similar, nearly identical meaning of quedarse + adjective: expressing the result of a change; this is because it's not always clear whether the result is a consequence of a change or a consequence of a specific action; for example you can say "se quedó pasmada" or "quedó pasmada" as you may be referring to being "surprised" after someone did/said something (an action) or simply because there was a change of opinion in your mind about something (this change of opinion may have happened after someone did something) - so we need to allow some flexibility here in terms of the absence or presence of "se".
I hope this clarified it.
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