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Using demasiado, bastante, poco, mucho to express quantity (quantitative adjectives)

Poco (little), mucho (much), demasiado (too much)bastante (enough) all express a non-defined quantity.

Note that in Spanish these adjectives agree with the noun they refer to.

Let's see how to use them!

Poco, poca, pocos, pocas + [noun] = little / not much / few / not many + [noun]

María come poco pan.
Maria doesn't eat much bread.

En esta casa entra muy poca luz.
In this house there's very little light.

Tengo pocos caramelos.
I have few candies.

Tengo pocas cosas que llevar.
I have few things to carry.

Poco and poca are used with a singular noun to express little/not much (of), while pocos and pocas are used with a plural noun to express few/not many (of).


Here's a recapitulative table:

Quantitative Adjective 

Masculine Feminine

Singular 

poco
little/not much
poca
little/not much

Plural

pocos
few/not many

pocas
few/not many

 

Mucho, mucha, muchos, muchas + [noun] = much / a lot of / many + [noun]

Alberto come mucho queso, ¡le encanta!
Alberto eats a lot of cheese, he loves it!

Nosotros tenemos mucha energía.
We have a lot of energy.

Ellos poseen muchos coches.
They own many cars.

Ella visita muchas veces a sus padres.
She visits her parents many times.

Mucho and mucha are used with a singular noun to express much/a lot of, while muchos and muchas are used with a plural noun to express many/a lot of.


Here's a recapitulative table:

Quantitative Adjective 

Masculine Feminine

Singular 

mucho
much/a lot of
mucha
much/a lot of

Plural

muchos
many/a lot of

muchas
many/a lot of

 

Demasiado, demasiada, demasiados, demasiadas + [noun] = too much / too many + [noun]

Tenemos demasiado dinero.
We have too much money.

Hay demasiada fruta en la nevera.
There is too much fruit in the fridge.

En Londres hay demasiados días grises.
There are too many grey days in London.

Tengo que esperar demasiadas horas para que me vea un médico.
I have to wait too many hours for a doctor to see me.

Demasiado and demasiada are used with a singular noun to express too much (of), while demasiados and demasiadas are used with a plural noun to express too many (of).


Here's a recapitulative table:

Quantitative Adjective 

Masculine Feminine

Singular 

demasiado
too much (of)
demasiada
too much (of)

Plural

demasiados
too many (of)

demasiadas
too many (of)

 

Bastante, bastantes + [noun] = enough (of) + [noun]

Tenemos bastante pan para cenar.
We have enough bread for dinner.

Hay bastantes clientes en la tienda.
There are enough customers in the shop.

Bastante is used with a singular noun to express enough (of), while bastantes is used with a plural noun to express enough (of).
Bastante / bastantes do not agree in gender: they keep the same form in masculine and feminine!


Here's a recapitulative table:

Quantitative Adjective 

Masculine/
Feminine

Singular 

bastante
enough (of)

Plural

bastantes
enough (of)


See also Using muy versus mucho (intensifiers)

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Tengo pocas cosas que llevar.
I have few things to carry.


Ellos poseen muchos coches.
They own many cars.


María come poco pan.
Maria doesn't eat much bread.


Tengo que esperar demasiadas horas para que me vea un médico.
I have to wait too many hours for a doctor to see me.


Ella visita muchas veces a sus padres.
She visits her parents many times.


Alberto come mucho queso, ¡le encanta!
Alberto eats a lot of cheese, he loves it!


Tenemos demasiado dinero.
We have too much money.


Nosotros tenemos mucha energía.
We have a lot of energy.


En esta casa entra muy poca luz.
In this house there's very little light.


Hay demasiada fruta en la nevera.
There is too much fruit in the fridge.


Hay bastantes clientes en la tienda.
There are enough customers in the shop.


Tengo pocos caramelos.
I have few candies.


Ella tiene mucha paciencia.
She has a lot of patience.


Tenemos bastante pan para cenar.
We have enough bread for dinner.


En Londres hay demasiados días grises.
There are too many grey days in London.


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