How to say my, your, his, her, its and their (masculine/feminine singular and plural)

Look at this table to learn about Adjetivo posesivo

English    Masc sing    Masc pl     Fem sing    Fem pl    
my mi mis mi mis
your tu tus tu tus
your (formal) su sus su sus
his su sus su sus
her su sus su sus
its su sus su sus
their su sus su sus

Read and listen to these examples:

Él es mi hermano.
He is my brother.

Yo tengo mis plantas verdes.
I have my green plants.

¿Tienes tu camiseta?
Do you have your T-shirt?

Tú estudias con tus compañeros de clase.
You study with your classmates.

El perro tiene su hueso.
The dog has its bone.

Rubén tiene su libro.
Rubén has his book.

Lucía tiene sus libros.
Lucía has her books.

Manuel canta con sus amigos.
Manuel sings with his friends.

Usted tiene su guitarra.
You have your guitar.

Los pájaros son sus animales favoritos. [Usted]
Birds are your favourite animals. ["your" formal]

Ellos tienen su propio coche.
They have their own car.

Belén tiene sus sábanas de seda.
Belén has her silk bed sheets.

In Spanish, su and sus can refer to six different owners:

  1. he
  2. she
  3. it
  4. you [formal singular]
  5. you [formal plural]
  6. they

You need to work out the owner by the context.

Possesive adjectives also have a long form that is the same as the Pronombre posesivo. It is more expressive. You use it, for example, when talking of a special friend or relative.

Un amigo mío.
A friend of mine.

Unlike the regular possessive adjective forms mi, tu, su and their plurals, the long form follows the noun.

Learn more about these related Spanish grammar topics

Examples and resources

Yo tengo mis plantas verdes.
I have my green plants.


Un amigo mío.
A friend of mine.


Usted tiene su guitarra.
You have your guitar.


¿Tienes tu camiseta?
Do you have your T-shirt?


Los pájaros son sus animales favoritos. [Usted]
Birds are your favourite animals. ["your" formal]


Manuel canta con sus amigos.
Manuel sings with his friends.


Él es mi hermano.
He is my brother.


Rubén tiene su libro.
Rubén has his book.


Lucía tiene sus libros.
Lucía has her books.


Ellos tienen su propio coche.
They have their own car.


Tú estudias con tus compañeros de clase.
You study with your classmates.


El perro tiene su hueso.
The dog has its bone.


Belén tiene sus sábanas de seda.
Belén has her silk bed sheets.


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