Hello. Thank you for the useful lesson. It clarified some things, but not all. I have some texts. One of them:
José у María han paseado hoy por el parque y han hablado mucho. La verdad es que ha hablado María, y José ha escuchado solamente. Cuando María ha terminado, ya era tarde y han regresado a casa. En casa, José ha recordado que quería decir muchas cosas a María, pero María ya no estaba con él.
I can understand the first two usage of PPC, the second two are less understandable. And after "Cuando" I can't understand at all. What are the units of time there? Or what other explanations? My translation is:
Jose and Maria have walked in the park today and have talked a lot. The truth is that Maria was talking (have talked), and Jose was only listening (has only listened). When Maria finished (talking), it was already late, and they returned home. At home, Jose remembered that he wanted to say many things to Maria, but Maria already wasn’t with him.
How do I explain my present continuous and simple there?
It's a bit more difficult to see why the perfect tense is used if we don't have a clear timeframe. But if you go to the first sentence, we have "hoy". All the actions that are expressed after are all referring to the same time frame "hoy". The speaker then feels he is still within that frame, it is still "today", it's connected to the present.
I hope this helps.
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