When would you use "este" instead of "esto" since they are both masculine and singular?

John

Kwiziq community member

4 November 2017

3 replies

When would you use "este" instead of "esto" since they are both masculine and singular?

This relates to:
Using este, esta, estos, estas to say this/these (demonstrative adjectives) -

Inma

Kwiziq language super star

4 November 2017

4/11/17

Hola John, ¡buena pregunta! We use "este" to say "this" followed by a masculine singular noun, e.g´"Este hombre es muy alto" (This man is very tall). However "esto" is not followed by a noun, it refers to an "idea" or "situation" which has been mentioned before or it is obvious by the context. One simple sentence with "Esto" would be "Esto es terrible" (="This is terrible"). Imagine for example that you are stuck in traffic, or are witnessing something awful, then "Esto" would be referring to that specific situation. I hope it clarified your doubt.

Inma

Kwiziq language super star

4 November 2017

4/11/17

A separate lesson about "Esto" will be soon released, where it is tested separately because we understand it can be a bit confusing.

Laura

Kwiziq language super star

6 November 2017

6/11/17

Hola John - In other words, este is a demonstrative adjective (modifies a noun) while esto is a demonstrative pronoun (replaces a noun). :-)

Your answer

Login to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Think you've got all the answers?

Test your Spanish to the CEFR standard

find your Spanish level »
277questions493answers131,054users
Let me take a look at that...