De crucero por España 2

Spanish online reading and listening practice - level B2

Here's part 2 of our summer series! It's Daniel's first day at work on the cruise ship and he's a bit nervous, let's see if it's all plain sailing...

This reading and listening exercise can help you practise the position of adjectives and El Presente de Subjuntivo.

If you need to catch up with part 1:

Exercise: De crucero por España 2

Listen to the audio, then read the transcript. Click any phrase for the translation and links to related grammar lessons which you can add to your Kwiziq notebook to practise later.

Text by Silvia Píriz and audio by Inma Sánchez.

Q&A relating to this exercise 2 questions, 2 answers

MiriamA2Kwiziq community member

¿Porqué es "su primer crucero" en vez de "sus"? Viageros es plural.

¿Porqué es "su primer crucero" en vez de "sus"?  Viajeros es plural, si?

Asked 3 months ago
InmaKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hola Miriam,

the possessive "their" can be "su" or "sus"; it agrees with the word that comes after (the possession, not the possessor), so, if the noun is "crucero" (singular) we need : su crucero (their cruise).

Here is a lesson on these possessive adjectives

Un saludo

Inma

¿Porqué es "su primer crucero" en vez de "sus"? Viageros es plural.

¿Porqué es "su primer crucero" en vez de "sus"?  Viajeros es plural, si?

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EbrimaA1Kwiziq community member

Past tenses

I want you to help me with simple way of understanding Spanish preterite please

Asked 3 months ago
JohnB2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Hello Ebrima,

This is a very big question so I will give you a summary answer to give you a general idea. In Spanish there are three past (pretérito) tenses as follows:

Pretérito Indefinido: This is used to talk about actions that were completed in the past, so you would often see a reference to "last year, last month, last week" when the action occurred. 

Example: Last year we went to Segovia - El año pasado fuimos (Verb Ir) a Segovia.

Pretérito Imperfecto: This is used if you are talking about actions that were repeated or done habitually in the past, and for describing what was happening at that time. The aspect of describing is really important here.

Example: I used to swim every week - Solía (Verb Soler) nadar cada semana. There is a brilliant lesson about describing what was happening in the past called "Using the Pretérito Imperfecto to describe a situation in past" which you should search for. It is crucial to understanding this tense.

Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto: In English you would see sentences like "Elvis has left the building" or "María has qualified as an engineer" or "They have eaten all the cakes." You can see that two verbs are combined here i.e "have (haber in Spanish) and the participle of the second verb. Be careful because in Spanish they are nearly always translated in the same way as the Pretérito Indefinido i.e. "Elvis left the building," "María qualified as an engineer" but in this course you are always given a hint to point out that you will need this tense. 

So when do you use this tense? You use it when you are talking about an action in the recent past i.e. "this morning, this week, this month" which belongs to the time period that you are in at the moment. There is a really excellent lesson about this called "When to use the perfect tense versus the simple past in European Spanish." You should search for it at the top of the "Dashboard" page.

¡Buena suerte! John

Past tenses

I want you to help me with simple way of understanding Spanish preterite please

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Getting that for you now.